Anonymous

anyone care to fill me in at all?

ok so i'm sitting here and it dawns on me "this place should be called opinions not answers" so let try for some actual facts. so i was wondering what you folks can tell me about "jim crow"? i don't know that much about it myself and i might as well learn something while i'm here (and yes ralphy boy i'm fully expecting you to come by so do your worst)

Update:

i wasn't asking him i just knew he'd come by

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  • 1 decade ago
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    The Jim Crow Laws were state and local laws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965. They mandated "separate but equal" status for African Americans. In reality, this led to treatment and accommodations that were almost always inferior to those provided to white Americans. Although it was required that the facilities provided were equal they were not. The Jim Crow period or the Jim Crow era refers to the time during which this practice occurred. The most important laws required that public schools, public places and public transportation, like trains and buses, have separate facilities for whites and blacks. (These Jim Crow Laws were separate from the 1800-66 Black Codes, which had restricted the civil rights and civil liberties of African Americans.) State-sponsored school segregation was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education. Generally, the remaining Jim Crow laws were overruled by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act; none were in effect at the end of the 1960s. Jim Crow laws allowed whites to legally segregate blacks.

    During the Reconstruction period of 1865-76, federal law provided civil rights protection in the South for freedmen—the African-Americans who had formerly been slaves. Reconstruction ended at different dates (the latest 1877), and was followed in each Southern state by Redeemer governments that passed the Jim Crow laws to separate the races. In the Progressive Era the restrictions were formalized, and segregation was extended to the federal government by President Woodrow Wilson in 1913.

    After 1945, the Civil Rights movement gained momentum and used federal courts to attack Jim Crow. The Supreme Court declared legal, or de jure, public school segregation unconstitutional in 1954, and it ended in practice in the 1970s. The court ruling did not stop de facto or informal school segregation, which continued in large cities. President Lyndon B. Johnson, building a coalition of northern Democrats and Republicans, pushed Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which immediately annulled Jim Crow laws that segregated restaurants, hotels and theatres; these facilities (with rare exceptions) immediately dropped racial segregation. The Voting Rights Act ended discrimination in voting for all federal, state and local elections.

  • 1 decade ago

    laws preserving segregation. usually by discriminatory means

    why are you asking ralphy boy? ask someone who knows what they are talking about, like me LOL

    Ralph- your statistics prove nothing, except that anybody can fill your head with jargon and you would take it as gospel

    UPDATE: ok

  • 1 decade ago

    wow! that Ralph boy is getting old eh? you actually knew he would rear his ugly head before your question posted! ha ha aha!

    the guy above me (Hopkins) said it all

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