How is it that during the cold war, Pakistan became a US ally and India became somewhat cozy with the USSR?
It seems to me that our values here in the West are more like those in India than in Pakistan and the vibrant Indian democracy had nothing in common with the old USSR.
It seems to me that our values here in the West are more like those in India than in Pakistan and the vibrant Indian democracy had nothing in common with the old USSR. How did that happen?
- Big BLv 61 decade agoFavorite Answer
The tensions between Pakistan and India were used by both the United States and the Soviet Union in cold war 'proxy wars'.
For the Soviet Union, India served as a bulwark against China, which ceased to be looked upon as an ally with the Soviet Union. For the Soviets, close relations with India also gave the Soviets a voice in the region.
For the United States, Pakistan was in the centre of a very dangerous region - the oil interests of the U.S, and the U.S use of pakistan as a possible staging point against any actions in the Middle East would have been valuable.
While the U.S would have seen Indian democracy as promoting stability, it was the dictatorship of Pakistan that would have been much more amenable to U.S foreign policy interests.
Also, with the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, the United States was busy training Islamist extremists - mujahideen to fight against the Soviet occupation. As an Islamic country, Pakistan would have been ideal to train and send extremists such as Osama Bin Laden into Afghanistan.
With the Iranian Revolution in the 1980's and the overthrow of the Pahlavi regime (which was favourable to U.S foreign policy), the U.S needed an ally in the region - that was where Pakistan came into it, to potentially halt Islamic extremism.
Isnt the world a funny place!
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Pure and simple politics. If you want something, and someone will not give it to you, then you go somewhere else to get it. The US was trying to "control" India, and the US did not give India what it wanted, so it got what it wanted for the USSR.
India and Pakistan "hate" each other, so where ever one goes, the other is going somewhere else. The US let this happen because Pakistan seemed more susceptible to US wants.
That is what politics is all about.
Castro wanted to side with the US, but we balked. North Vietnam had a US-like constitution drawn up, but we elected to back our WWII alley (French) in trying to secure their colonial "wants" in that region. This is all called politics.
- ,Lv 51 decade ago
We all had to find excuses to sell other countries weapons
- Anonymous1 decade ago
pakistan and America goto hell. both are terrorist country.America give money to pak. and pak make weapons and make terrorist.and those terrorist attack america.how stupid america is.
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- 1 decade ago
cause' russia rocks