what is inflammation of heart?

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  • sb
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    All the previous posts have answered your question to some degree. I'll try to consolidate them.

    1st... Just about any tissue in the body can suffer inflammation. When that specific tissue gets inflamed, we add the suffix -- itis to it. Thus, if we have a cold, and the sinuses are inflamed --> sinusitis. If we have a sore throat --> pharyngitis (pharynix is the upper part of your throat just behind the nasal passages). Inflammation of the bone --> Osteitis. Etc..

    Now, the heart itself can be inflammed; however, the heart itself is a complex organ, and physicians usually specify which part of the heart is inflammed.

    While the heart has four chambers, valves, and various vessels attached to the chambers, for the purposes of talking about inflammation, we note that the heart tissue itself has multiple layers, and inflammation of each of these layers is associated with different disease conditions.

    The layers of the heart include the endocardium, which is the inner lining of the heart. The myocardium is primarily the muscle tissue part of the heart. Finally, the epicardium is the outer lining of the heart. It is often fused with and considered as the same as the visceral pericardium. Finally, the heart is encased in a sac, which is itself, called the pericardium. The sac part is the parietal pericardium.

    Thus, a person can suffer from a myocarditis, pericarditis, and endocarditis.

    It is important to differentiate each process, becuase, as I said before, inflammation of different layers are associated with different diseases.

    Endocarditis: While this can refer to any inflammation of the inner lining of the heart, 9 times out of 10, it refers to inflammation of the heart valves (or the lining of the heart valves, if we want to be absolutely specific). Most of the time the etiology of the inflammation is infection, but rarely it could be from autoimmune diseases or cancers.

    Myocarditis. Myocarditis are most often due to viruses; however, all sorts of toxins and various chemotherapeutic agents have been associated with myocarditis. There are also various other infectious agents and disease processes.

    Pericarditis. Inflammation of the heart sac is also mostly due to viruses but can be seen in cancers; there can be bleeding into the heart sac; it can be a complication of heart surgery; cancers and various medicines can cause a pericarditis.

    Hopefully, by now you have realized a common theme that inflammation by itself does not tell us much about the underlyling disease process. Inflammation is a final common pathway that diseases can produce damage to the body. However, by learning about various diseases, their clinical presentations, and which parts of the body each disease can affect, we can hopefully come to a correct diagnosis and provide proper treatment.

    Hope this helps!

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  • 1 decade ago

    Inflammation of the heart is a little bit more than just a bigger heart. Inflammation is a process that happens in which your white cells and other proteins are promoted to a specific area by chemicals in your blood stream. This is really bad news for the heart since the heart cant really deal with thick fluids and cant do its job if it has all these thick white cells to work with. It puts a lot of stress on your valves and the heart muscle itself

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  • 1 decade ago

    there's no actual inflammation of the heart... but there are inflammation of the heart muscles and these are: myocarditis, endocarditis and pericarditis...

    If you're talking about enlarged heart it is called cardiomegaly...

    Hope it was helpful.....

  • Cathy
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    i have been in cardiology working as an internee there,and i got lot of chances to see such patient with same complaint the pericarditis is inflammation of pericardial sac around the heart. we used to give tab.disprin 300 mg thrice a day for 10 days,only patient feels chest pain with inspiration,or sometime with postural changes. consult ur doctor too,to exclude any lungs,muscles,neurological,or bones problems God bless you

  • 1 decade ago

    Inflammation of heart is swelling of it due some kind of infection of heart.

  • 3 years ago

    Inner Lining Of The Heart

  • Honey
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    inflammation means like enlarged/ swallen... Bigger then normal size heart

  • 1 decade ago

    its oedema or swelling of heart,and called as ellongated heart.its bit seious ailment and should b treated accordingly.

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