What where the major steps that brought the independance to the united states?

What where the major steps that brought the independance to the united states?

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thx for the answer but could someone make it shorter it is too complicated to me thx

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  • 1 decade ago
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    The United States at the time of independence consisted of the 13 English colonies along or adjacent to the Atlantic coast and Chesapeake Bay.

    The English have long had a tradition of self determination. The United Kingdom was really the first true democratic state in the modern world. There is a quote from Edmund Burke that says it pretty well: "An Englishman is the unfittest person on earth to argue another Englishman into slavery". It was in this spirit that Anglo-Americans reacted to taxation and military occupation they felt was unjust.

    Following the French and Indian War, and the global war that included it and continued beyond it, called the Seven Years War, Britain was in financial trouble. War is expensive, and their traditional enemy France, while impeded, was not completely defeated. The Parliament chose to place the burden of taxation on the colonies where the war began. The war with France began in northwest Virginia in 1754, the global action is usually dated from 1756-1763. These taxes were passed by Parliament, where the colonies had no votes, had they had them they'd be frequently outvoted by domestic MP's, but this is where the slogan "no taxation without representation" originates. Taxes prior to this had been passed by colonial assemblies, and the money spent in the colonies on such things as the militia, roads, and the like.

    The Stamp Act in 1765, was the first assault on English Liberties, as the Whigs in America might call it. This involved the purchase of a stamp to be affixed to any printed matter. This includes playing cards, books, newspapers, and public documents. It impacts two groups you don't want to alienate particularly. Sailors in port and attorneys, the latter probably being more a threat than the former in the long run.

    Protest against it resulted in it's withdrawal, but the die was cast, as Caesar said when the Rubicon was crossed, and the result was still in doubt.

    In consequence of the protest, the crown (probably correctly) saw Boston as the center of this trouble. Their remedy was to place soldiers in the trouble spot. These soldiers were in a minority, and were generally unpopular. On March 5, 1770, their unpopularity exploded in gunfire. A group of Bostonians, were allegedly harassing a unit of soldiers on guard duty, with insults and snowballs, some concealing ice and stones. Somewhere someone shouted "Fire" (noone knows who), and when the smoke cleared five Bostonians lay mortally wounded. The soldiers of the guard, eight of them, were placed on trial, defended by John Adams, an attorney from nearby Braintree. He was able to gain the aquittal of six of the eight. His position was quite unpopular with some sectors of the society, such as his cousin Samuel, who in company with an engraver and silversmith named Paul Revere, had managed to dub this incident the "Boston Massacre".

    Parliamentary events altered the taxes, with the exception of one on tea. The tax was a mere pittance, but it was a tax still taken as an imposition. This resulted in the break in at a British East India Company ship on December 16, 1773, where a shipment of tea was dropped into the harbor to steep. The brew that resulted was quite unpalatable to the crown, and things moved toward open rebellion.

    Benjamin Franklin,originally sent to negotiate for Pennsylvania, ended up negotiating for the others as well. When he was informed of the text of the letters of Massachusetts Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson, calling for additional troops to maintain control of Boston, reported on this. When he was castigated before the Privy Council as

    "a reader of other men's letters, and father of several bastards", he responded with anger. From this time on, he changed from a negotiator trying to gain redress within the law, to a leader of the rebellion.

    From here until the first shots were fired on Lexington green on April 19, 1775, the momentum built for open rebellion. This was the result of Englishmen, objecting to the actions of their government, beginning with taxes, and not finding satisfactory redress of these grievances. All very similar to the beginning of the difficulties in the 1630s, when taxation began to chafe members of Parliament to object to the actions of Charles I.

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