when do i use lui/leur or en or y?
k in a sentence before what do u use lui/leur before what do u use en and before what do u use y?????
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
lui/leur, en, y are placed before the verb(helping verb if past tense) in a sentence. Maybe, your question is when to use them. Here's a quick summary:
lui/leur are indirect object pronouns. They replace a + a person.
ex. Je parle a Marc. becomes Je lui parle.
Marc telephone a sa soeur Marc lui telephone.
Nous repondons aux eleves. Nous leur repondons.
en replaces de + noun
ex. Je desire du rosbif. J'en desire.
Sophie achete des pommes. Sophie en achete.
Nous voulons de l'argent. Nous en voulons.
J'ai bu du the. J'en ai bu.
y replaces a + place or any preposition of direction + a place
ex. Je vais a Paris. J'y vais.
Nous arrivons au theatre. Nous y arrivons.
Marc est devant le restaurant. Mark y est.
y also replaces a + a thing
Je joue au foot. J'y joue.
Ils ont repondu a la lettre. Ils y ont repondu
Hope this helps!
- spannerLv 61 decade ago
The general rule of placement of pronouns before the verb is sometimes known in English as The Donkey Rule, because of the y and en sound at the end. It can easily be memorized.
The order of placement is as follows:
The direct objects come first, followed by the indirect objects and then y and en. Me, te, nous and vous can be either direct or indirect objects depending on how they are used. For example, <<Il t'a écouté.>> and <<Il t'a donné son stylo.>> Lui and leur are the indirect objects, the first being singular and the second one being plural. En means "some". Y generally means "here" or "there".
En is sometimes is used as a shortened way to express a prepositional phrase that begins with <<de>> when placed before the verb. Y is sometimes used as a shortened way to express a prepositional phrase that begins with <à>> when placed before the verb.Source(s): High school French
- 1 decade ago
Lui and leur are indirect objects (pronouns). Lui means to him, to her, to it; leur is the plural meaning, to them
Y is an adverb. Y can also be used as a pronoun in certain situations. When y stands for a place previously mentioned, it is translated as "there", such as "Il y est" (He is there). It also refers to things or ideas following a(with accent grave), as in repondre a(accent grave), "il n'y respond pas" (He doesn't answer or he doesn't answer it). Y can also mean to or at it.
En is both a preposition and a pronoun. It stands for of it or of them, or from it or from them, depending on context. Hope this helps. Get a good grammar book for further information.
- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- Anonymous5 years ago
"pas" goes immediately after the verb, no matter how many or which pronouns. In compound tenses e.g passe compose "pas" goes immediately after the auxillary verb, (avoir or etre) and before the participle. So - tu n'y reponds pas. tu ne leur reponds pas. tu n'y as pas repondu.