Jared asked in Arts & HumanitiesPhilosophy · 1 decade ago

Positivism, Logical Positivism and Empiricism. What is the difference?

I have come to understand that there is a difference in the time that these were thought up, but what is the difference in their meaning?

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    "Empiricism: (1) A proposition about the sources of knowledge: that the sole source of knowledge is experience, or that either no knowledge at all or no knowledge with existential reference is possible independently of experience."

    http://www.ditext.com/runes/e.html

    "Logical Positivists [assure us] that such concepts as metaphysics or existence or reality or thing or matter or mind are meaningless—let the mystics care whether they exist or not, a scientist does not have to know it; [ ] Knowledge, they said, consists, not of facts, but of words, words unrelated to objects, words of an arbitrary social convention, as an irreducible primary; thus knowledge is merely a matter of manipulating language. "

    http://www.aynrandlexicon.com/lexicon/logicalposit...

    "Positivism is a system of philosophical and religious doctrines elaborated by Auguste Comte. As a philosophical system or method, Positivism denies the validity of metaphysical speculations, and maintains that the data of sense experience are the only object and the supreme criterion of human knowledge; as a religious system, it denies the existence of a personal God and takes humanity, "the great being", as the object of its veneration and cult. We shall give a brief historical sketch of Positivism, an exposition of its fundamental principles, and a criticism of them."

    http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12312c.htm

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  • 6 years ago

    Positivism deals with facts, Facts and more facts and generalize from those facts = Induction.

    Where as Logical Positivism goes through Theory- Verifiability-tests- Generalize = Deduction

  • 4 years ago

    Positivism And Empiricism

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