french REV question... alll HISTORY WHIZZES OUT THERE ...PLZ HELP?
okay first off :) hello
thanks for replying :) to mycry 4 help lol
anyway i would like to understand how king louis XIV was important to the french revloution.... im confused... did he begin it?
CAN SOMEONE PPLZ CLEAR THIS UP FOR ME ,
thanks alot my friend.... its much clear!
- SpreedogLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
I'm not sure you want me to go back to Louis XIV, but I will if you want.
When Louis XIV died in 1715 he left France in debt.
His successor Louis XV ran up the deficit more.
By the time Louis XVI came to power, about half of France's revenue went to pay just the interest on the debt.
[It was Louis XVI who was ousted by the French Revolution in 1789.]
By 1789 France was bankrupt. How to fix it - convene their equivalent of parliament for new taxes. This was done in times of emergency. The last time was 175 yrs earlier.
In France the parliament was the “States General” with three houses :
Estates 1&2 were the top 2% - Nobles and high Clergy who paid very limited taxes.
Estate #3 was the people – the propertied people – businessmen, professionals, etc.
Even peasants with small land holdings paid taxes amounting to 53% ! !
In 1789, five million Frenchmen (1/5 of the pop.) voted for ~1500 representatives.
They met at Versailles in May, 1789. It became clear that the commons had a majority.
The Nobles and Clergy would not get their privileged way if the 3rd Estate voted.
So the king, Louis XVI, locked the commons out of Parliament house in June. THIS WAS THE KEY MISTAKE.
It was stupid for Louis to think the problem would simply go away if he dissolved the parliament he had called. If he would have accepted constitutional controls on his power as they had in Britain, he might have kept his (and his wife's)
On June 20, the commons met anyway as the new “National Assembly” on a nearby tennis court.
Royal troops were in evidence at Versailles and surrounding the 600,000 people of Paris.
The mob armed themselves with muskets and cannon taken from the Invalides on July 14
To get gunpowder they also stormed the storerooms of the Bastille freeing 7 prisoners.
From July to October some 200,000 Nobles and Clergy fled to nearby German and Italian cities where they plotted to return and reestablish their lives of property and privilege.
The people’s revolt against the aristocracy was the first successful takeover in Europe.
Aristocrats and privileged Clergy in other countries were sympathetic to the French elite.
The King and Queen posed a continued threat to the revolution. They had to be killed.Source(s): This is info I use to teach my world civ classes in college
- Anonymous1 decade ago
The peasants were angry at King Louis XIV because he raised taxes and did not attened to the ppl as well as giving increased power to nobles and clergy and h spent most of his time partying. They were also frustrated with the system which gave power to the clergy and nobles,peasants were often heavily taxed but the rich nobles and clergy did not have to pay any. then they had a revolt and the rest is history
hope this helps!
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Robespierre wrote incendiary editorials in the newspapers whipping up the peasants and commoners against the nobility and the rich and along with other French revolutionary leaders encouraged an overthrow of the monarchy. For example, during a food shortage in Paris, it was reported, erroneously, that Marie Antoinette said when told that the people were starving, "Let them eat cake". Consequently The royal family, who was actually oblivious to the gravity of the situation, was blindsided by their virtual arrest when visiting their Paris apartments. They were eventually thrown into prison where Louis XVI was eventually beheaded at the guillotine. Marie, his wife wasn't allowed to see him before he was killed, but was told when he was taken to the guillotine, and heard him killed. She and her two children were kept on a starvation diet in prison until her youngest son died. A year after her husband was killed, Marie was also beheaded. Interestingly enough, Robespierre suffered the same fate he had condemned so many others to during 'the Reign of Terror' by going to the guillotine.
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