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How many ford motor plants are outside the United States?
- ClassicMustangLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
1970 Ford Cortina Mark 2
Initially, Ford in Germany and the United Kingdom built different models from one another until the late 1960s, with the Ford Escort and then the Ford Capri being common to both companies. Later on, the Ford Taunus and Ford Cortina became identical, produced in left hand drive and right hand drive respectively. Rationalisation of model ranges meant that production of many models in the UK switched to elsewhere in Europe, including Belgium and Spain as well as Germany. The Ford Sierra replaced the Taunus and Cortina in 1982, drawing criticism for its radical aerodynamic styling, which was soon given nicknames such as "Jellymould" and "The Salesman's Spaceship".
Increasingly, Ford Motor Company has looked to Ford of Europe for its 'world cars', such as the Mondeo, Focus, and Fiesta, although sales of European-sourced Fords in the US have been disappointing, and in Asia, models from Europe are not as competitively priced as Japanese-built rivals, nor are they perceived as reliable. The Focus has been one exception to this, which has become America's best selling compact car since its launch in 2000.
In 2001, Ford ended car production in the UK and it was the first time in more than 80 years that Ford cars had not been made in Britain, although production of the Transit van continues at the company's Southampton facility, engines at Bridgend and Dagenham and transmissions at Halewood. Development of European Ford is broadly split between Dunton in Essex (Powertrain, Fiesta/Ka and Transit) and Merkenich ( Body, Chassis, Electrical, Focus, Mondeo) in Germany. Ford also produced the Thames range of commercial vehicles although the use of this brand name was discontinued circa 1965. It owns the Jaguar, and Land Rover car plants in Britain which are still operational. Ford's Halewood Assembly Plant was converted to Jaguar production.
Elsewhere in Continental Europe, Ford assembles the Mondeo range in its Belgian facility in Genk (where a Transit production line was also maintained until 2003), while Fiesta/Ka assembly takes place in the Valencia plant in Spain. The Saarlouis and Cologne plants in Germany take responsibility for European assembly of the Focus.
Ford also owns a joint venture production plant in Turkey. Ford-Otosan, established in the 1970s, manufactures the Transit Connect compact panel van as well as the "Jumbo" and long wheelbase versions of the full-size Transit. This new production facility was set up near Koeceli in 2002, and its opening marked the end of Transit assembly in Genk. Another joint venture plant near Setubal in Portugal set up in collaboration with Volkswagen assembles the Galaxy people carrier as well as its sister ship the VW Sharan.
In Australia and New Zealand, the Ford Falcon is one of the most popular family cars, being considerably larger than the Mondeo sold in Europe. Originally the Falcon was based on a US Ford of that name, but is now vastly different, still having rear wheel drive, like its General Motors rival, the Holden Commodore.
Ford's presence in Asia has traditionally been much smaller, but with the acquisition of a stake in Japanese manufacturer Mazda, in 1979, Ford began selling Mazda's Familia and Capella (also known as the 323 and 626) as the Ford Laser and Telstar. The Laser was one of the most successful models sold by Ford in Australia, and, ironically, outsold the Mazda 323. The Laser was also built in Mexico and sold in the US as the Mercury Tracer, while the 1989 US Ford Escort was based on the Laser/Mazda 323. The smaller Mazda 121 was also sold in the US and Asia as a Ford Festiva.
Through its relationship with Mazda, Ford also acquired a stake in South Korean manufacturer Kia, which later built the Ford Aspire for export to the US, but later sold the company to Hyundai. Ironically, Hyundai also manufactured the Ford Cortina until the 1980s. Ford also has a joint venture with Lio Ho in Taiwan, which assembled Ford models locally since the 1970s. Ford came to India in 1998 with its Ford Escort model, which was later replaced by locally produced Ford Ikon in 2001.
In South America, Ford has had to face protectionist government measures in each country, with the result that it built different models in different countries, with no rationalisation or economies of scale. In some cases, it based its models on those of other manufacturers whose plants it had taken over. For example, the Corcel and Del Rey in Brazil were originally based on Renaults. In the 1980s, Ford merged its operations in Brazil and Argentina with those Volkswagen to form a company called Autolatina, with which it shared models.
Autolatina was dissolved in the 1990s, and with the advent of Mercosur, the regional common market, Ford was able to rationalise its product line-ups in those countries. Consequently, the Ford Fiesta is only built in Brazil, and the Ford Focus oSource(s): http://www.carluvers.com/cars/Ford_Motor_Company Support your local economy, buy American !
- 1 decade ago
I'm not 100% sure on exactly how many FoMoCo plants operate outside of the USA, but I know there are some in Canada, the UK, and Australia (where most of their high quality manufacturing is done).
There are definitely quite a few assembly plants scattered all around the world though, that take parts made in the manufacturing plants and put them together.
- 5 years ago
No its not. It drags down wages for people already here. Let me explain. In a time of full employment, employers have to raise wages to attract people into their jobs. When there are plenty of jobs and people have a choice, the employer has to try and entice people into applying for their jobs with good wages, training and advancement opportunities, security etc. When the Government allows large numbers of people to migrate here to search of work, we no longer have a situation of "full employment" because the number of people looking for work goes up but not enough new jobs are created. So there is more competition. Whereas before you might have been the only applicant for your dream job or one or only 2 or 3 applicants, now you're one of 13 people all competing for it. Which makes it less likely you'll get it. So people end up having to "make do" - the graduates who have to work in callcentres etc. This sort of thing mainly affects younger, unskilled or inexperienced workers. Given the choice between a young Brit just out of Uni and a 30 year old immigrant who's very experienced (and doesn't mind a low wage) who would you choose? Younger and unskilled people find themselves in crap, poorly paid jobs with no hope of advancement. The employers don't have to invest in skills training and neither does the Government, because "skills gaps" can be easily filled by migrants, rather than training up our own people. So again, Brits lose out by not getting the chance to upskill and earn better money. And lastly a great deal of what the migrants earn is sent out of the country where it exits the British economy so doesn't really benefit us. They do pay taxes but they also consume a lot of public funds in their use of the Health Service, Schools etc so theres little or no benefit for the country as a whole.