Anonymous asked in Cars & TransportationAircraft · 1 decade ago

How do MOA's work with flight plans in the U.S.?


I've never flown in the U.S. I've noticed "MOA"s on the navigation charts, and I'm just wondering if general aviation planes need special permission to enter those areas.


7 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    No permission or clearance is required to fly through MOAs in the United States, but pilots are advised to check the status of MOAs before flying through them, as they can be hazardous when active. Their status can be checked in advance, and it's also a good idea to check their status again just prior to entering them as well.

    IFR traffic will normally be directed away from MOAs by ATC while the MOAs are active. VFR traffic may enter MOAs freely but should exercise extreme caution if the MOAs are active as there may be high-speed military aircraft moving about within them.

    It is not necessary to mention MOAs explicitly in flight plans. ATC knows where they are for IFR flights, and the pilot himself is responsible for knowing where they are under VFR.

    Source(s): Federal Aviation Administration (Aeronautical Information Manual)
  • Whenever a MOA is active, nonparticipating IFR traffic may be cleared through the area provided ATC can ensure IFR separation; otherwise, ATC will reroute or restrict nonparticipating IFR traffic. Although MOA's do not restrict VFR operations, pilots operating under VFR should exercise extreme caution while flying within, near, or below an active MOA. Military pilots do, on occasion, underfly their prescribed MOA lower altitudes without warning. Additionally, prior to entering an active MOA, pilots are ENCOURAGED to contact the controlling agency for traffic advisories due to the frequently changing status of these areas.

    Only portions of a MOA may actually be in use at any one time. Normally, MOAs are used during the day for brief periods—often less than one hour at a time. In fact, airspace within a MOA is open to regular commercial and civilian air traffic almost all the time.

    Source(s): Pilots Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge 14-4
  • 1 decade ago

    Tech's got it right. You won't be able to get through one IFR if one's active, and VFR you can blast right through any old time. If you fly in the Southern California area you'll know that there is no way to get from the LA basin and go to Mojave, Inyokern, or up the Owens Valley without having to fly through an MOA or two.

    Prior to 1975 these chunks of airspace weren't charted. The military was doing then just what they are doing today in the same areas. The only difference now is that you'll be able to anticipate where there will be a lot of military traffic.

  • 1 decade ago

    Tech does have it right but there are a few more considerations. While you can fly in a MOA VFR and not talk to anyone, it is not a good idea. Military aircraft are doing practice combat tactics in the airspace and it would be very easy to have a midair with one. They are traveling very fast and are not looking out for small civil aircraft. They are best to be avoided unless you are talking to someone (ATC).

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    you can fly inside a MOA without any permission.

    The rule is that you should pay more attention.

    Every MOA have differencies, check the sectional chart for more info.

    Source(s): commercial pilot
  • Walter
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    I believe you should avoid this type of airspace, as military aircraft operate in this airspace for testing purposes.

    With that said, ATC may allow entry as long as the airspace is clear and separation between aircraft is possible. If not, you'll be rerouted.

    For more information, refer to source [1].

  • 1 decade ago

    MOA means: Military Operation Area

    It's strictly prohibited to fly trough, above o next to this areas, so there's no permission at all to do so.

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