WHAT YEAR WERE BLACKS ALLOWED TO GO TO SCHOOL?
sry if this question ofends anyone its just a essay im writing so just wondering. i know that they were in separate schools but were they ever not allowed to go to schools?
- DawnLv 51 decade agoFavorite Answer
The first schools for Negroes were private ones, which preceded public schools everywhere. Samuel Thomas undertook the instruction of certain Negroes in the Goose Creek Parish in Charleston, South Carolina, as early as 1695. Elias Neau founded a school for slaves in New York, on May 20, 1704. In 1758, the Anglican-affiliated Associates of Dr. Bray opened a school for free blacks in Philadelphia. The African Free School was an institution founded by the New York Manumission Society on November 2, 1787. It was founded to provide education to children of slaves and freemen. But education for blacks was very different when it came to the Negro slaves of the South. Even though schools had been set up in even the most remote counties of each of the confederate states by 1867, by the 1830s, it was a criminal offense in most Southern states to teach a slave to read or write. Things gradually began to improve in the South after the Civil War. But it wasn't until May 17, 1954 that the Supreme Court declared in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas that racial segregation in public schools unconstitutionally deprives students of equal educational opportunities. This ruling paved the way for significant opportunities in our society—especially for equal justice, fairness, and education.
Founded in 1837 as the Institute for Colored Youth, Cheyney University is the oldest African American school of higher education, although degrees were not granted from Cheyney until 1913. The founding of Cheyney University was made possible by Richard Humphreys, a Quaker philanthropist who bequeathed $10,000, one tenth of his estate, to design and establish a school to educate people of African descent. Born on a plantation in the West Indies, Humphreys came to Philadelphia in 1764, where he became concerned about the struggles of free African Americans to make a living. News of a race riot in 1829 prompted Humphreys to write his will, in which he charged thirteen fellow Quakers to design an institution "to instruct the descendents of the African Race in school learning, in the various branches of the mechanic Arts, trades and Agriculture, in order to prepare and fit and qualify them to act as teachers...."
Founded as the African Institute, the school was soon renamed the Institute for Colored Youth. In its early years it provided a classical education to young African Americans in Philadelphia. In 1902 the Institute moved to George Cheyney's farm, 25 miles (40 km) west of Philadelphia, and afterward the name "Cheyney" became associated with the school.
Institute for Colored Youth founded by Richard Humphreys; later became Cheyney University.
Ashmun Institute, the first school of higher learning for young black men, founded by John Miller Dickey and his wife, Sarah Emlen Cresson; later (1866) renamed Lincoln University (Pa.) after President Abraham Lincoln.
Wilberforce University, the first black school of higher learning owned and operated by African Americans, founded by the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Its president, Daniel A. Payne, became the first African American Uniiversity president in the country.
Howard University's law school becomes the country's first black law school.
Meharry Medical College, the first black medical school in the U.S., founded by the Freedman's Aid Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Spelman College, the first college for black women in the U.S., founded by Sophia B. Packard and Harriet E. Giles.
Booker T. Washington founds the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama. The school became one of the leading schools of higher learning for African Americans, and stressed the practical application of knowledge. In 1896, George Washington Carver began teaching there as director of the department of agricultural research, gaining an international reputation for his agricultural advances.
- emilyyyLv 51 decade ago
1837. Why is this in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered?