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what happen to china in communism in 1900 to 1980's.?
If you can explain do so plz. im goin to pick the best answer for 10 points.
- donfletcheryhLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
Communism really started as a movement in the early 1930s, and by 1936 it had become a force well enough organized to put up resistance to Japanese invasion. From 1937 the Communist forces became the dominant force opposing Japan. This remained the case throughout WW2. Communist and Chinese national interest merged as one.
At the end of WW2, America tried hard to reestablish control by the Koumintang, under Shaing Kai Sheck (sp), but by that time this was a lost cause. Any force opposing the Communist army were perceived as being pro-Japanese, and for sure USA was becoming very friendly again with Japan.
The Communists put a lot of hard work into rebuilding the main industry of China, Agriculture. They insisted that city folk get out and get the crops planted, weeded, harvested, that irrigation works be built and maintained. Communists made a major mistake in taking the advice of Mao Tse Tung, the illustrious leader, when they should have been listening to peasants and agronomists, leading to a 2 year major famine that cost millions of lives, while America and Canada refused to ship grain to China, and Russia was in short supply.
China learned that first they could not ignore the wisdom of the people. China attempted to use the wisdom of the people, perhaps a bit too much, building too much democracy and too little expertise into industry and agriculture. This brought China into conflict as young intellectuals began to call for application of science and logic in defiance of the wisdom of the people. But even worse, many of those young intellectuals were turning to foreign culture, and foreign culture often related to capitalism.
China revolted once again, but now against foreign influences and a Red guard movement sought to force China back to the ideals of Mao and historic Chinese culture. But more so the ideas of Mao.
China realized that its agricultural output could not sustain the rate of population growth it had been experiencing and set out to restrict that growth. The single child family law was the main part of that plan. Meanwhile China poured its troops int the Korean war, and assisted Communist revolutions in Vietnam and surrounding territories, plus invading its ancient province Tibet which had been functioning as a semi-autonomous region for at least 70 years, and did not appear to be eager to go back to being part of the main Chinese society.
China drifted more and more into a laizez faire capitalist society, while continuing to run many industries as state run businesses.
The demand to democratize industry once again came to the fore, and threatened to destabilize private industry as well as these state run capitalist industries. The doctrine that the workers should direct industry was central to Maoist thinking, but it was not always efficient. Well, demands for democratization flared up and were put down decisively in Tienamin Square.
A return to democracy in the workplace was a great opportunity for anti-communists to point out how bad communists were, but at the same time those worker advocates were calling for capital to be put out to pasture as far as decision making was concerned. No way could a capitalist society put up with that and it was capitalism that government was moving toward.
If anything, Tienamin Square was a reflection of public agreement with government insistence on moving into a capitalistic mode of life, opposing a return to Maoist doctrines.
- 1 decade ago
We begin in Shanghai, the center of the chinese communist movement. The nationalists routed the communists out pre world war 2. They had their great march to the mountains and remained there. Come world war 2, they started doing something. After world war 2, the chinese civil war, we have chiang kai shek * (sp) fighting the communists, under mao... eventually the communists route the nationalists and they, the nationalists, establish nationalist china aka taiwan. Then we have deng xioaping and his market reforms in the 70s that set up china for Great success.
there was also the the communists issues with intellectuals where many doctors and teachers were thrown out of their homes and books burned, etc etc.
- ?Lv 45 years ago
If it wasnt a poor country anymore and changed from market socialism to capitalism like all the developed countries than it would be two-fold. There would be much more economic competition but there would also be a bigger and richer market for trade. If its balanced right that it would be great for China and the developed countries. Also, when it comes to human rights and freedom, changing from communism would be a great moment in human kind. Perhaps even other socialist countries would follow suit like, Vietnam, North Korea, Laos, and even all in the way to Cuba.
- Laju LesleyLv 41 decade ago
Political debauchery , story , History .