Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

Canada in World War One ?

Methods soldiers used to get through the barbed wire ?

Which defensive measure against gas attacks would be particulary effective ?

Why significant gains would be difficult to achieve by attacking no man's land ?

What characteristics distinguish trench warfare ?

What are the problems and conditions soldiers would experience in trench warfare ?

Does trench warfare favour the defenders or the attackers ?

What were horses used for in the warfare ?

Why were casulaties so high ?

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  • Oz M
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    ---- Canada in World War One ?

    Answer for Canada with these questions would be the same for all countries who fought in trench warfare of WW1.

    ---- Methods soldiers used to get through the barbed wire ?

    Wire cutters (pliers) were most common, but also used were wooden ladder like apparatus that were carried and laid over the wire. It was considered suicide to carry one as you became an instant target for machine guns and mortar rounds. In charges over narrow barbed wire, soldiers would also run ahead and lay over the wire allowing other to use them as a bridge over the wire.

    ----- Which defensive measure against gas attacks would be particularly effective ?

    A modern gas mask would have been, but they did not exist yet. Since the gas drifted to the lowest points of the ground, many leaped out of fox holes and trenches and lay flat on the above ground. It was considered safer than staying in the trench. The gas masks at that time limited vision and were prone to leaks, resulting in some still suffering inhalation of the gas.

    ----- Why significant gains would be difficult to achieve by attacking no man's land ?

    A lack of cover resulted in heavy casualties against a well protected enemy. Often the case in the battle of the Somme, where either side could reach the enemy trench, their numbers were so depleted crossing no mans land, they had inadequate strength to hold it.

    ------ What characteristics distinguish trench warfare ?

    Reasonable protection from artillery and rifle fire, but best as a defensive position only. Little ground can be gained by either side. It's likened to a stalemate battle.

    ------ What are the problems and conditions soldiers would experience in trench warfare ?

    Trenches attract and hold water. Lots of mud to encounter when it rained. If a trench was breached by an enemy, it was unlikely that would be known until the enemy was upon you. Whereas, on open ground you could view a battle field and see potential breaches of a front line before they happened and deploy additional support if necessary, or manipulate tactical retreats. The trenches offered generally cramped conditions. Collapses of trenches were not uncommon, leaving some to die of suffocation under the earth.

    ---- Does trench warfare favour the defenders or the attackers ?

    It is a defensive structure only.

    ---- What were horses used for in the warfare ?

    Most commonly used as beasts of burden to tow cannon and wagons. They were also used in Cavalry, but poor tactics used in the face of modern weapons caused heavy losses. The common British technique was to gallop close to the enemy line then dismount and squat to give accurate rifle fire, only to be on open ground subject to artillery and machine guns at now stationary targets. Americans, French, Germans and Canadians commonly used the "Napoleonic" technique of keeping close quarter drills (straight lines). This mean even a ground soldiers bad shot was likely to hit somebody on a horse, and artillery was likely to take out large numbers and break ranks, while rear ranks were protected. Until Australia managed it's own command, they followed the British way. After obtaining her own command, Australia adopted the method of giving the horse it's reins (letting them drop) and steering the horse with the knees, allowing both hands on the rifle giving greater accuracy. They no longer dismount, but breached lines jumping trenches and going after the rear lines where the artillery was held, and causing confusion and disarray in the trenches and fox holes, having an enemy on all sides.. Read about the Battle of Beersheba where Aussie captured the city by this method, while all British attempts failed.

    http://www.lighthorse.org.au/histbatt/beersheba.ht...

    This was the last successful cavalry charge in history.

    ------- Why were casulaties so high ?

    A combination of heavily artillery and soldiers out in the open trying to breach fortified trenches with protected soldiers. Many soldiers died from infection and disease, and many had what should have been non-fatal wounds, but due to poor sanitary conditions and no modern antibiotics, many died as a result..

    The main causes of death in WW1 were disease, hunger and exposure.

    Source(s): I am a military historian
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  • 4 years ago

    "that guy" should take a history lesson. Canada declared war in WW2 in 1939, while the US waited til Pearl Harbor and then declared war in 1941.

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