Grad10 asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

RUSSIAN REVOLUTION: The provisional government?

Why was the Provisional Government so weak? What were the failures of this government during its brief time in power? Were there any successes?

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  • 1 decade ago
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    The Provisional Government was inherently weak. It was basically the continuation of the State Duma, and so suffered from a lack of democratic legitimacy. It also suffered from the re-emergence, in early March 1917 of the Petrograd Soviet. This was a genuinely democratic organisation, filled with delegates of all political (although most were from the left) elected by the workers, sailors and soldiers of the capital.

    The Provisional Government failed to address the major concerns that had sparked the February Revolution.

    They promised an election to a Constituent Assembly, but only when the war was over.

    They promised not to withdraw from the war, but to turn it into a defencive war - angering much of the country.

    They refused to tackle the land issue - the peasants wanted to own their own land, and not to have to pay their former Lords rent for their farms.

    They refused to tackle the peasants' concerns over their redemption payments - the Emancipation Proclamation was not a gift, the peasants had to pay for their freedom over 50 years, in 1917 many were struggling to pay.

    They did nothing to solve the problem of food supply for the cities - the army had swallowed up great numbers of peasants, and the harvests were not being brought in - the food supply network to the cities had broken down. The government could have mobilised the troops to help bring in the harvest, they did not.

    Thy could have helped to alleviate the plight of the industrial workers, starving, overworked, underpaid and living in appalling conditions - they did nothing.

    In the end the greatest weakness was the lack of democratic legitimacy. The Bolsheviks realised that the emergence of soviets across the country could be exploited to the hilt. These organisations were beginning to run many aspects of Russian life, filling the void left by the monarchy and the inactivity of the government. By controlling just a few key seats on each soviet, the Bolsheviks could control the whole organisation. By controlling the soviets they could control the Congress of Soviets and become a legitimate rival to the Provisional Government.

    As for successes, they are very few, the nearest they came to a success, in my opinion, was changing the nature of the war from an offensive war to a defensive war. Politically, I'm afraid, they failed at every challenge they were faced with.

    See:

    http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSprovisiona...

  • 4 years ago

    The Provisional government grew to become into no longer elected, yet its initially appointed job grew to become into to set up elections for a Constituent assembly which grew to become into to verify this type of a sparkling government for Russia. Czar Nicholas resigned 2 March; the Provisional government took ability 15 March following a proclamation by utilising Grand Duke Michael,the Czar's nominated successor (who had refused to settle for the area of Czar). The Duma volunteered its very own dismissal for the time of the conflict in August 1914, yet pressurized the Czar into reinstating the Duma in August 1915. whether often ineffectual for the subsequent 18 months, it grew to become into Duma individuals that formed a Provisional Committee in February 1917 and provided most of the individuals of the Provisional government.

  • 1 decade ago

    it was a temp govt dissolved later by lenin

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