- Anonymous1 decade agoBest Answer
Israel is only 61 years old, so it really does not have much of a history. No one in the world referred to the land as Israel for more than 2700 years, not even the Jews. For the last 2000 years the land was called Palestine. It is still called Palestine, even though the state of Israel was formed over parts of that land 61 years ago.
If you mean the history of the Palestine-Israel conflict, then I suggest you read the brief and factual history below:
The seed of this conflict was planted in 1882 when the Zionist movement started with a group of secular (non-religious) European Jews to establish a homeland for the Jews in Palestine. Up to the 1920's, Jews lived in peace with Muslims and Christians in Palestine for about 1300 years (except when the European Crusaders killed all the Jews and Muslims in Jerusalem 900 years ago). Most of the Jews who lived in Palestine till then were Arabs.
When Britain occupied Palestine during World War 1, it gave a declaration (Balfour Declaration 1917) to the Zionist Federation that Britain will facilitate establishing a national home for the Jews in Palestine. There was one big problem however: the land already was populated by native Arabs (Mostly Muslim, but with significant Christian 7% and Jewish minorities 9%).
Britain opened the door to Jewish immigration from Europe, which increased in the 1930's and 1940's because of Nazism and the Holocaust. In 1948 the Jews made up 33% of the population of Palestine, but owned only 7% of the land. The UN voted to split Palestine 55% for the Jews and 45% for the Palestinians to establish a Jewish and Arab States in Palestine, and to make Jerusalem an international area. War broke out between the Arabs and Jews in 1948 and the Jews occupied 80% of Palestine and established Israel on it. In the process Israel ethnically cleansed (forcibly removed) 80% of the Palestinians from the land they occupied and destroyed and depopulated more than 400 Palestinian villages, massacred thousands of Palestinians and made 0.75 million Palestinians refugees.
The UN voted in 1948 (Security Council Resolutions 93 and General Assembly Res. 194) to tell Israel to allow the Palestinian refugees to return to their homes, but until today Israel never complied. In 1967 Israel militarily occupied the remainder of Palestine (The West Bank and the Gaza Strip). The Security Council again voted in 1967 and 1973 that Israel return to the 1967 borders and allow the refugees to return, but Israel never complied (Security Council Res. 237, 242, 338).
This gives you a brief history of the roots of the problem. The Palestinians now negotiate to get only the lands occupied in 1967 back to establish their own state on it, and for Israel to allow the deposed people in 1948 and 1967 to return to their original homes.
Israel is only accepting to return only parts of the lands occupied in 1967. The land they accept to return has no borders with the outside world (making it an effective jail guarded by the Israelis). They also refuse to allow the refugees to return. They also have built many illegal settlements in the West Bank and planted nearly 500,000 Israeli extremists in them. Israel has taken control of nearly 5/6 of the water resources in the West Bank, and has built an apartheid wall that dwarfs the Berlin wall around and through Palestinian cities and villages in the West Bank (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyO2F3HD47A
). They also refuse to return East Jerusalem, which is part of the West Bank, to the Palestinians.
Again this is a very brief background. It in no way describes the daily suffering, abuse, humiliation, terror and deprivation of basic human rights the Israelis inflict on the Palestinians.
You can get more information from Wikipedia in the link below:
If you prefer documentaries, the following two documentaries are the best you can find on the subject:
1) Peace, Propaganda and the Promised Land (79 minutes)
2) Occupation 101 (88 minutes)
This recent one from CBS 60 Minutes program (Jan 2009) is also a good one (13 minutes)
- Bush TuckerLv 71 decade ago
Here ya go.
pre 1948 Arabs lived in Gaza under their own control
In 1948 the State of Israel was created, Arabs still lived in Gaza under their own control.
1948 , Egypt invaded Gaza and Israel , Israel defeated the Egyptians.
Egypt forcibly annexed Gaza into Egypt and occupied Gaza for the next 20 years.
1967 Egypt again for the third time invaded Israel and again lost, only this time, Israel threw the Egyptians out of Gaza and the Egyptian Sinai.
Israel occupied both Gaza and the Sinai for the next 8 years.
In 1977 , Israel gave the Sinai back to Egypt, after Egypt signed a peace treaty with Israel.
Gaza continued to be occupied.
2005 Israel forcibly removed all israeli settlers from Gaza and withdrew the Israeli military from Gaza
From 2006 till 2009, attacks against Israel from Gaza increased 780%
With 3,258 attacks against Israel from Gaza in 2008.
- brainstormLv 71 decade ago
Hatem A has got it generally correct.
The Balfour Declaration stipulated that the establishment of the jewish homeland should not interfere with the religious and civic rights of the Palestinians. Fat chance!
The jews also started the modern tendency for Middle Eastern terrorism.
In the 1940s they formed terrorist gangs and carried out many atrocities against the British administration and the local population. This included murdering the British Minister to the Middle East, Lord Moyne and the bombing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem with the loss of 90 lives.
There is a school of thought now that believes that all the European jews who migrated to the Middle East are not in fact ethnic jews but converts to the religion in past centuries which could explain why so many look like Europeans rather than Semites.
Also the Palestinians may be the original Semites who were converted to Christianity and Islam
- Anonymous1 decade ago
The people of Israel (also called the "Jewish People") trace their origin to Abraham, who established the belief that there is only one God, the creator of the universe (see Old Testament). Abraham, his son Yitshak (Isaac), and grandson Jacob (Israel), are referred to as the patriarchs of the Israelites. All three patriarchs lived in the Land of Canaan, that later came to be known as the Land of Israel. They and their wives are buried in the Ma'arat HaMachpela, the Tomb of the Patriarchs, in Hebron.
The name Israel derives from the name given to Jacob (see Old Testament). His 12 sons were the kernels of 12 tribes that later developed into the Jewish nation. The name Jew derives from Yehuda (Judah) one of the 12 sons of Jacob (Reuben, Shimon, Levi, Yehuda, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Yisachar, Zevulun, Yosef, Binyamin). So, the names Israel, Israeli or Jewish refer to people of the same origin.
The descendants of Abraham crystallized into a nation at about 1300 BCE after their Exodus from Egypt under the leadership of Moses (Moshe in Hebrew). Soon after the Exodus, Moses transmitted to the people of this new emerging nation, the Torah, and the Ten Commandments. After 40 years in the Sinai desert, Moses led them to the Land of Israel, that is cited in The Bible as the land promised by G-d to the descendants of the patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
The people of modern day Israel share the same language and culture shaped by the Jewish heritage and religion passed through generations starting with the founding father Abraham (ca. 1800 BCE). Thus, Jews have had continuous presence in the land of Israel for the past 3,300 years.
The rule of Israelites in the land of Israel starts with the conquests of Joshua (ca. 1250 BCE). The period from 1000-587 BCE is known as the "Period of the Kings". The most noteworthy kings were King David (1010-970 BCE), who made Jerusalem the Capital of Israel, and his son Solomon (Shlomo, 970-931 BCE), who built the first Temple in Jerusalem as prescribed in the Tanach (Old Testament).
In 587 BCE, Babylonian Nebuchadnezzar's army captured Jerusalem, destroyed the Temple, and exiled the Jews to Babylon (modern day Iraq).
The year 587 BCE marks a turning point in the history of the region. From this year onwards, the region was ruled or controlled by a succession of superpower empires of the time in the following order: Babylonian, Persian, Greek Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Empires, Islamic and Christian crusaders, Ottoman Empire, and the British Empire...
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- diegoLv 61 decade ago
if you really want to know the history of any country, consult the enciclopaedia, books etc.
the most you can get here is like a newspaper title.
Is that what you want ?
- Anonymous1 decade ago