Are the pyramids the greatest achievement of the Egyptian old kingdom?
If so, in what ways would you say they were the greatest achievement? I believe they are but don't really know how to explain how....
- GeomiLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
Egypt had many contributions to all of the world besides the pyramids. Ancient Egypt was know historically as a civilization in the Lower Nile Valley (or the Great Rift Valley) as early as 3300 BC. It was a land area between the First Cataract and the mouths of the Nile Delta. Then with the conquest of Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.almost seventy years later, it developed irrigation of its agricultural land. As a civilization based on irrigation, it is an example of an hydraulic empire. It was one of the oldest, and the longest, human civilizations. Egypt has been a great source of interest for Europeans especially, who regard it as of almost mysterious and significant conduits between Europe and Africa.
Egyptian civilization had a tendency to develop unity and avoid confrontation. Ancient Egyptian contributions to knowledge in the areas of mathematics, medicine and astronomy were remarkable. It continued on a path of keeping thoughts and ideas flowing to the modern world. For example, Egyptian hieroglyphics is the based of the English alphabet. Through the Alexandria Library, scholars. mathematicians and the Hellenistic-Jewish scholar Philo,knowledge continued to influence ideas in the modern world. Through Ptolemy, Hellenistic and Egyptian ideas came together. Then the Egyptian religion became popular throughout the Greco-Roman world. The Roman Emperors, after Cleopatra the last Ptolemy, claimed the theories of the ancient Pharaohs.
Many Christians concluded that Jesus, according to tradition, spent time in Egypt. Indeed, early Christianity in Egypt saw much theological thought and several alternatives that emerged as mainstream Christianity. Some of ideas gave substance to the feminine role while the lost texts, including the Gospel of Thomas significantly supplemented modern Bible scholarship. To illustrate this, the Coptic church of Egypt is one of the world's oldest.
The head of the Great Sphinx of Giza was thought to be the likeness of the pharaoh Khufu. The Great Sphinx is the largest and most recognized monumental sculpture in the world. it was thought to have been constructed around 4,500 years ago.
Most of the geography of Egypt is in North Africa, although the Sinai Peninsula is in Southwest Asia. The country has shorelines on the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea; it borders Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and the Gaza Strip, Palestine and Israel to the east. Ancient Egypt was divided into two kingdoms, known as Upper and Lower Egypt. Somewhat counter-intuitively, Upper Egypt was in the south and Lower Egypt in the north, named according to the flow of the Nile river. The Nile flows northward from a southerly point to the Mediterranean. The river, around which much of the population of the country clusters, has been the lifeline for Egyptian culture since the Stone Age and Naqada culture.
Two Kingdoms formed Kemet ("the black"), the name for the dark soil deposited by the Nile fflood waters The desert was called Deshret ("the red") Herodotus wrote, "Egypt is a land of black soil. it was known that Libya is a redder earth. However Champollion the Younger who deciphered the Rossetta stone, wrote the reference to black soil Kemet did not actually refer to the soil but to a negroid population in the sense of a Black Nation.
The ancient Egyptians themselves traced their origin to a land they called Land of Punt, or the Land of the Gods. Once it was thought to be located on what is today the Somali coast, Punt now is thought to have been in either southern Sudan or Eritrea. However, the history of ancient Egypt properly started with Egypt as a unified state. Nevertheless, archaeological evidence indicates a developed Egyptian society may have existed for a much longer period.
Along the Nile in the tenth millennium B.C., a grain-grinding culture using the earliest type of sickle blades had been replaced by another culture of hunters, fishers, and gathering peoples using stone tools. Evidence also indicates human habitation in the southwestern corner of Egypt, near the Sudan border, before 8000 B.C. Climate changes and overgrazing after 8000 B.C. began to transform the the pastoral lands of Egypt into the Sahara desert around 2500 B.C., and early tribes naturally migrated to the Nile river where they developed a settled agricultural economy and more centralized society. There is also evidence of pastoralism and cultivation of cereals in the East Sahara in the seventh millennium B.C.. By 6000 B.C., ancient Egyptians in the southwestern corner of Egypt were herding cattle and constructing large buildings. Mortar was in use by 4000 B.C. The Predynastic Period continued through this time, variously began with the Naqada culture. Some authorities however began the Predynastic Period in the earlier Lower Paleolithic age.Source(s): New World Encyclopedia. Ancient Egypt@http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Ancient_...
- jaybird17762001Lv 41 decade ago
Probably the one thing the Egyptians achieved that has had the most influence in the world was The Egyptian Book of the Dead. Many of the tasks that a dead person needed to overcome to enter the afterlife became the Ten Commandments which became goal posts for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In the Egyptian Book of the Dead : You must be able to avow , "I haven't killed anyone" which became the commandment "Thou shall not kill"; You must be able to avow, "I've never stolen" which became the commandment " Thou shall not steal"; there are others.
The Jews believed that Moses was raised as an Egyptian royalty and he therefore would have been tutored by the Egyptian priests about the Book of the Dead, it therefore can not be considered a coinsidence that many of the pf the beliefs found in the Book became part of The Old Testament, the New Testament and the Koran.
- 1 decade ago
1. The taming of the Nile using methods of agriculture. According to Upshur from "June to October, the Nile brought deposits of some 200 millions tons of rich, fertile soil and minerals per year" (Upshur 25). The Egyptians used techniques (like damns) which allowed them to use the annual flood to grow crops. It was an accomplishment because they were able to actually figure the pattern of the flooding and use it to their advantage.
2. Many monuments also were quite astounding (you've probably heard of the Great Pyramid). The Great Pyramid at Giza is the largest and dates from approximately 2600 BCE (Upshur 26). Originally it was 460 ft high and 755 ft on each side and made of some 2.3 milion blocks of stone averaging 2.5 tons and cast in limestone (Upshur 26). It also housed the ancient pharaoh Khufu (Upshur 26).
hope this helps
- ?Lv 45 years ago
Ah hahahahaha at the post below me. You Jews crack me up. You think you built one of the greatest things ever. Haha you jews. Trying to take the credit of another thing huh, you know thats considered stealing right? Thieves. all i can say. See the TRUTH (something you obviously have never heard of) is that you jews were so stupid that you wouldnt be able to build the pyramids you needed great egyptian minds to do that, and since you said something you were our slaves you were to dumb to actually plan anything, You see we created math and science. I hope i cleared some things for you jew boy. BTW Jui jitsu is brazilian fighting not jewish. Trying to steal another thing i see. Haha you guys just cant stop can you.