What was the Counter-Reformation?
What is the Council of Trent? Not too difficult language please. (:
- Anonymous10 years agoFavorite Answer
To defend its religious authority against Protestant assaults, the Catholic Church started a movement of reform known as the Counter-Reformation. This movement was led by a succession of capable, vigorous Popes who insisted upon the highest religious standards throughout the Church. The Church was further strengthened by the work of the Council of Trent, the Holy Inquisition and the society of Jesus as follows :
1. The Council of Trent (1545-63), called by the Pope, was attended by the leading personages of the Catholic Church. The Council reaffirmed the basic Catholic doctrines, including the spiritual supremacy of the Pope and the Church authority alone to interpret the Bible, prohibited Church abuses such as nepotism, simony and sale of indulgences, required the Catholic clergy to devote themselves strictly to their spiritual duties, not to worldly pleasures, and authorized the Pope to publish an Index, a list of books containing heretical ideas that the faithful were forbidden to read.
2. The Holy Inquisition, these Church courts proceeded with renewed vigor to uncover and punish heretics. In Italy and Spain, the Inquisition helped to stop the spread of Protestantism. (In Holland, the Inquisition failed, and its activites inspired the Dutch Protestants to a successful revolt for independence against Philip II, their Spanish ruler of Catholic faith.)
3. The Society of Jesus, a new monastic order was founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534. Its members, called Jesuits, were the leading spiritual soldiers of the Catholic Church in its fight against Protestantism. By serving as priests to kings and peasants alike, and as teachers in the many schools they organized, the Jesuits helped save Poland, southern Germany and Belgium for the Catholic Church. The Jesuits also helped the spread of catholicism throughout the world by their missionary activities in Asia, Africa and the Americas.
- ammianusLv 710 years ago
The Counter Reformation was the response of the Catholic Church to the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century.
The Counter Reformation had 4 main aims:
To strengthen the tenets and doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church.
To stop the further spread of Protestantism.
To regain for the Catholic Church areas that had become Protestant.
To spread the Catholic religion to new lands and new peoples.
The Council of Trent (1545-1563) was a series of meetings of senior Roman Catholic clergy to discuss the above issues.