Areeb asked in Science & MathematicsBiology · 1 decade ago

Need Answers ASAP...?

k so i have these questions that i need answered please in paragraph form and with reliable sources cited, thank you

Question 1: DNA screening is a valuable tool for determining whether a person is genetically predisposed to certain diseases. However, it raises ethical issues related to privacy, choice, access, treatment, and discrimination. It also raises questions about how far society should go in using available technologies, who funds research, and who owns or manages the resulting product or technology.

Question 2: What are the ethical arguments for and against stem-cell research? What ethical issues might arise when a drug company funds trials of a new drug it has developed to treat a genetic disorder? Who should determine how the results of transgenic research in plants and animals will be applied?

Question 3: Ultrasound is routinely used during pregnancy to monitor the development of the fetus. It is also used to perform amniocentesis, which screens for genetic disorders, and allows doctors to perform surgery on the fetus before birth to correct some abnormalities. However, there have been few studies on the long-term effects of the use of ultrasound.

Question 5: Early-childhood vaccination programs have greatly reduced the incidence of certain diseases and the social and medical costs associated with them. Influenced by controversial u studies arguing that there may be health risks associated with such vaccines, some parents have chosen not to vaccinate their children, which could lead to a resurgence of these potentially deadly diseases.

Question 6: What strategies are included in public health initiatives aimed at reducing the incidence of smoking-related diseases? What impact have these initiatives had on smoking rates and associated medical costs? How have health authorities responded to the threat of West Nile virus? What effect does this response have on people’s lifestyles? How did various cultures attempt to prevent disease before vaccines were available? What impact have vaccines had on global health?

2 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Background info for question 2:

    Most Americans including Catholics believe that life is a sacred gift from God and needs to be treated with all human dignity from the moment of conception to the point of natural death.

    For this reason, the destruction of living human embryos to harvest embryonic stem cells is immoral.

    • The end never justifies the means

    • A moral good can never come from a moral evil

    Here are just a few of the common myths about Stem Cell Research:

    Myth: Stem cells can only come from embryos.

    Truth: Stem cells can be taken from:

    • Umbilical cords

    • The placenta

    • Amniotic fluid

    • Adult tissues and organs including bone marrow, fat from liposuction, regions of the nose and even dead bodies up to 20 hours after death

    Myth: The Catholic Church is against stem cell research.

    Truth: The Catholic Church approves three of the four types of stem cell research:

    • Against Embryonic stem cells

    • For Embryonic germ cells (from miscarriages)

    • For Umbilical cord stem cells

    • For Adult stem cells

    Myth: Embryonic stem cell research has the greatest promise

    Fact: Up to now, no human being has ever been cured of a disease using embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cells, on the other hand, have already cured thousands. There is the example of the use of bone marrow cells from the hipbone to repair scar tissue on the heart after heart attacks. Research using adult cells is 20-30 years ahead of embryonic stem cells and holds greater promise.

    Based on the “The Ten Great Myths in the Debate Over Stem Cell Research” by Tadeusz Pacholczyk, Ph.D.

    Adult stem cells are currently used for the medical treatment of:

    • Anemias

    • Cancers (multiple types)

    • Child Leukemias

    • Cornea Regeneration

    • Crohn´s Disease

    • Diabetes, Type I

    • Heart Disease, Acute & Chronic

    • Krabbe Leukodystrophy

    • Liver Cirrhosis

    • Lupus

    • Lymphomas

    • Myelomas

    • Multiple Sclerosis

    • Paralysis

    • Osteopetrosis

    • Parkinson´s Disease

    • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    • Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Syndrome

    • Sickle Cell Anemia

    • Spinal Cord Injury

    • Stroke

    • Systemic Vasculitis

    • and more

    For more information, see the National Catholic Bioethics Center’s resources on stem cell research:


    Here is "Instruction Dignitas Personae on Certain Bioethical Questions" that Pope Benedict XVI gave to President Obama:

    With love in Christ.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Yeah no problem, I’ll get right on that. There’s nothing I’d rather do right now than answer six questions in full paragraphs (easily the length of an essay) for someone I don't even know. Would you prefer the citations in MLA or APA format?

    Oh wait a second, I just remembered I have a life!

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