what was canadas international role after 1980?
its my last question on my exam review any help?
- 9 years agoFavorite Answer
Canada’s diplomatic relations with Zimbabwe began in 1980, at Zimbabwe’s independence. Canada has an embassy in Harare, Zimbabwe.
After twenty-eight years as the dominant political force, the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) Party is now sharing power with its former parliamentary opponents – the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) Party – following a power-sharing agreement facilitated by South Africa.
A Global Political Agreement (GPA) was signed on September 11, 2008, and the inclusive government established in February 2009; resulting in the MDC’s Morgan Tsvangirai assuming the role of Prime Minister and Chair of the Council of Ministers, while ZANU-PFs Robert Mugabe continued as President, Head of State, and Commander in Chief of the Defence forces.
Since then, Zimbabwe has seen gradual improvement to the political and economic environment. This has included decreased political violence, economic recovery, a modest increase in agricultural outputs, and a decrease in the number of food assistance beneficiaries; and there are signs of widening of access for NGO’s. In addition, the political space has opened somewhat, with a resulting increase in public political discourse.
Progress in Zimbabwe and full implementation of the Global Political Agreement has been slower than hoped and political resistance intense, but there have been demonstrable improvements. After a prolonged period of economic collapse and historic levels of hyperinflation, the economy has started to recover with the ‘dollarization’ of the economy; and the International Monetary Fund is again engaged with Zimbabwe. Hospitals and schools are functioning and a Constitution-making process is underway, to be followed by elections, anticipated in 2012.
Canada’s approach to Zimbabwe is three-pronged. First, Canada employs bilateral and multilateral channels to speak out against the failure to respect the rule of law and human rights violations. Second, through CIDA, Canada is improving the health of women, children and youth by addressing the HIV/AIDS pandemic, and responds to humanitarian needs through trusted humanitarian partners including the United Nations, the International Committee of the Red Cross and Canadian NGOs. Third, Canada promotes a peaceful and democratic resolution to the crisis, through direct support for civil society and support for African-led approaches. Canada continues to work closely with other donor countries to support and encourage the work of opposition political parties, civil society and the reform elements of the inclusive government to solidify the progress achieved. Canada, through DFAIT and CIDA, is engaged with civil society and multilateral parterns to promote human rights in Zimbabwe; for example, CIDA’s Civil Society Fund and DFAIT’s Glynn berry Program.
On September 4, 2008, under the Special Economic Measures Act (Zimbabwe) Regulations, Canada imposed legal measures which banned the export of arms and related material to Zimbabwe or to any person in Zimbabwe; prohibited the transport of arms and related material to Zimbabwe aboard a Canadian vessel or aircraft; and prohibited the provision of technical or financial assistance or service relating to arms and related material, including the provision, transfer of communication of technical data, to Zimbabwe or any person in Zimbabwe. The Regulations also froze assets of senior ZANU-PF listed persons and entities.
Canada will review these targeted measures – imposed in recognition of the country’s breach of international peace and security during the 2008 elections – once there is an indication that genuine policy shifts towards democratic and accountable governance, as well as respect for human rights and the rule of law, have occurred. Canada continues to provide humanitarian assistance to try to meet the needs of affected populations and has a modest bilateral aid program working with civil society and multilateral organizations. Canada provides no funding directly to the Government of Zimbabwe, and has not since 2002.
However, despite the suspension of funding to the Government of Zimbabwe, CIDA has maintained its development assistance program in Zimbabwe which works with local and Canadian civil society organizations in the areas of HIV/AIDS, poverty alleviation, governance, and gender equality. CIDA also continues to provide humanitarian assistance to try and meet the needs of affected populations.
Canada supports Zimbabwe’s calibrated, conditional reengagement with the International Financial Institutions, in order that appropriate and effective use of their financial tools and processes may be assured.