Did spain fight in World War 2?

Did they really participate in ww2? If yes, for which side and if no, why not?

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  • paul s
    Lv 6
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Yes and No,

    General Franco (the fascist dictator of Spain) played a very clever game throughout the war of playing both side of the conflict off against each other while reaping the benefits from staying out of it.

    Yes Spain did participate in the war on the fascist side, Hitler and Franco actually got on quite well, and Hitler was desperate for the Spanish to get involved, he told Franco that if Spain got involved he would send german troops to help the Spanish capture Gibraltar (something which the Spanish had been trying and failing to do for over 300 years) had the Spanish captured Gibraltar they would have cut off the allied forces in North Africa and the whole course of the war would have changed for the Axis (changed for the better) but Franco wasn't a fool, he knew that Spain was the poorest country in Western Europe, in a war against the power of the British Empire, The industrial might of America and the human hordes of Russia - he would lose, but at the same time he didn't want to be seen to be 'weak' by the other fascist leaders in Europe so Franco did send troops to fight for Hitler, originally close to 20,000 'volunteers' were sent to the Eastern Front in 1942, they fought for just over 12 months before Franco decided to bring them home, most returned home but several thousand elected to stay and became members of the German Army - forming their own infantry regiment which fought throughout the rest of the war.

    Spain's other major contribution to the war was espionage and spying, Spain spied extensively on the allies in Gibraltar and the western Mediterranean sea and reported back to germany on allied ship and troop movements, it also provided a safe haven for Italian and german spies, at one point it even allowed a unit of Italian midget subs to set a base along its coast line, who caused serious loses to the British Navy in Gibraltar.

    Spain reward from the Germans for this modest aid was decent amounts of military equipment - which he used to upgrade his army - thus helping secure his grip on power.

    But Franco also used the allies also, he would speak to the allied ambassadors and mention germany was putting him under pressure to join the axis, and the allies who were desperate for Spain to stay out had to find some way of stopping him - so the allies bribed him - basically suitcase's full of cash, millions and millions of dollars were handed over to Spain by the allies to keep them from joining in - money which Franco used to secure his grip on power.

    So No, officially it didn't participate, but unofficially it did - on the side of the fascists/axis. but it benefited from using both sides during the war

  • 9 years ago

    Technically no, the Spanish were fighting their own civil war until 1939 or so, Germany and Italy sent some troops and weapons for the fascists while the USSR sent some troops and equitment for the Republic side. During World War 2 the only part Spain really played was to send one division of its troops to the eastern front to fight the USSR. The spanish did not want to fight a war right after their own civil war, otherwise they would've joined on the Axis side and possibly changed the outcome of the war.

  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    The newly-empowered (after their civil war) fascist regime was an ally of the Axis, and helped them with intelligence and the like as well as providing material assistance. However, besides Spanish volunteers, it was officially non-belligerent and did not participate militarily. Franco made preparations to protect the Iberian peninsula from both Allied and Axis occupation, whenever either was a threat.

    So no, Spain did not "fight" in World War 2 in so many words, but it did help the Axis. The close relations with the Axis was because of the similar style of government and the fact that Germany had helped the fascist revolutionaries during the civil war, but Franco is known as a pragmatist and as such decided not to put Spain at the risk of invasion by fully participating in the war.

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

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    RE:

    Did spain fight in World War 2?

    Did they really participate in ww2? If yes, for which side and if no, why not?

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  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    Spain In Ww2

  • 9 years ago

    No. Oddly enough, the fascist government did not side with Germany and Italy despite their help in the Spanish Civil War.

    The dictator at the time, Francisco Franco, was a close friend of Hitler but his government survived until his death in the 1970s. Ironically, he became a close ally of the United States for his anti-communist views and a friend of Richard Nixon. Spain did not acquire democracy and human rights until after Franco's death.

  • 9 years ago

    they stayed neutral in WW2. As much neutral as was possible- meaning that they tolerated actions of both nazis and allies on their territory- spies, escapees, POW's passing through and the like

    some Spanish volunteers fought on the East front- the Blue Legion (Legion Azul). Veru good unit- and also the reason why Spain had to pay compensation to the USSR after the war.

    Funny enough, the USSR did not pay compensation to Spain for the involvement of its "volunteers" in the Spanish civil war- eg for the mass murder of Anarchists

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

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    Spain didnt fight in WWII. Spain was a field for spies and conspiracies between the WWII parties though.

  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    I have been browsing the web more than 2 hours today looking for answers to the same question, and I haven't found any interesting discussion like this. It is pretty worth enough for me.

  • 9 years ago

    I think they did fight. Maybe not. I might be wrong. No wait that was Italy. Yeah I don't think Spain did. They relaxed.

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