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Fadi asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 9 years ago

Why and how did the Bolsheviks attain victory in Civil war of 1917?

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  • 9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    There are several reasons:

    The Bolsheviks (the Reds) were better organised - Trotsky was a brilliant administrator and put the Red Army together.

    The Bolsheviks were concentrated in the Moscow / Petrograd heartland of Russia, so their support was urban and concentrated in a small, but (relatively) densely packed area.

    The Bolsheviks had, because of the concentration in cities, better communications.

    The Whites were never a unified military force, they were often as opposed to each other as they were to the Bolsheviks.

    Bolshevik agitation and propaganda in the Tsarist Army had led many soldiers to join the party, the Whites were often not military trained.

    The Bolsheviks had more capable commanders, capable of working with each other for strategic ends.

    In areas the Whites captured they acted as badly as the Reds, so local populations turned against them. Even the peasantry, who initially hated the Bolsheviks, soon came to hate the Whites even more, as the Whites wanted to give the land back to the hated aristocracy.

    See:

    The Russian Civil War 1918 - 1921 by David Bullock

    The Russian Revolution - Sheila Fitzpatrick

    http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUScivilwar.h...

    http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/russian_civil...

  • 5 years ago

    The have been many aspects and actually some different skill communities in contact contained in the civil conflict. Any simplified clarification could be very deceptive. The Bolshevik's believed in violent revolution. protection rigidity leaders like conflict so they greater often than not favoured the Bolsheviks. Russia became a brilliant agricultural united states of america with very undesirable airborne dirt and airborne dirt and dust roads connecting settlements. It became very almost impossible for the final inhabitants to organise against the Bolsheviks. The Jews have been poorly taken care of under the Czar and desperate joined the Bolsheviks as did each and all of the employees enterprises. The British and others tousled countless coup tries. Germany moved to assist the imperialists "white russians". This distant places interference pushed many nationalists into the palms of the communist forces. The Bolsheviks have been underestimated. They gave the impression to be a team of psychotic thugs with an unappealing ideology. It became confusing to have faith that they could win adequate help and sustain an intensive revolution in one in all those super empire.

  • 9 years ago

    do you mean, how did they come to power? because it wasnt a civil war, it was a revoultion. civil war came after, the reds against the whites. They came to power through different means, ie incompetance of the tsar, influence of lenin, ww1, weak politicians. if you want to know about the civil war, it was because they controlled the key industrial cities. Therefore they could supply there armies and the tsarist whites couldnt.

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