What are some causes and effects of bullying?
Pretty straight forward.
- Anonymous8 years agoFavorite Answer
Causes of Bullying
In many cases the bully's childhood is marred by poor parental example or outright neglect. Many bullies come from homes where the parents are cold, uninvolved or have, in effect, taught their children to use rage and violence to handle problems. Children raised in such a troubled atmosphere may not see their own verbal attacks and physical aggression as bullying; they may think that such behavior is normal and acceptable.
Many schools bring together large numbers of students from differing backgrounds, who have been raised in widely varying ways. Sadly, some children are aggressive because they have been taught at home that intimidating others and verbally abusing them are the best means of getting their own way.
Unfortunately, such methods often seem to work. Shelly Hymel, associate education dean at the University of British Columbia, Canada studies child behavior. She says: "We've got kids who are figuring out how to play the game and unfortunately, bullying works. They get what they want--they get power, status, and attention."
Another factor that helps bullying to thrive is a lack of supervision. Many victims feel that they have no place to turn--and the tragedy is that in most cases they are right. Debra Pepler, director of the LaMarsh Centre for Research on Violence and Conflict Resolution at Toronto's York University studied students in a school-yard situation and found that teachers detect and stop only about 4 percent of bullying incidents.
Yet, Dr. Pepler believes that intervention is crucial. She says: "Children are incapable of solving the problem because it's about power, and each time a bully picks on someone, the bully's power is enforced."
Son why aren't more cases of bullying reported? Because victims of bullying are convinced that if they report the problem, it will only get worse. So, to some extent, many young ones spend their school years in a permanent state of anxiety and insecurity. What are the effects of living that way?
Physical and Emotional Effects
A report from the National Association of School Psycologists in the United States says that every day more than 160,000 children are absent from school because they fear being bullied. Targets of bullying may stop talking about school or about a particular class or activity at school. They may try to go to school late each day, miss classes, or even be absent from school entirely.
How might children who are being bullied be identified? Well, the might become moody, tired, irritable, frustrated, or withdrawn. They may become aggressive with their family and friends. Innocent bystanders who observe acts of bullying also suffer consequences. The situation induces fear in them, which detracts from their ability to learn.
However, the journal Pediatrics in Review says: "The most extreme consequence of bullying for victims and society is violence, including suicide and murder. The sense of powerlessness experienced by children who are victimized can be so profound that some react with self-destructive acts or lethal retalitation."
Peristant bullying may erode a victim's self-confidence, induce health problems, and even ruin a career. Bullied individuals may experience headaches, sleeplessness, anxiety, and depression. Some develop post-traumatic stess disorder. Whereas physical attacks may bring an outouring of sympathetic support for the victim, emotional attacks may not elicit the same response. The damage is far less apparent. So instead of sympathezing, friends and family may weary of hearing the victim's complaints
Bullying also has bad effects on the bullies themselves. If not stopped in childhood, they will likely grow up to bully others in the workplace. In fact, some studies reveal that those who had been bullies as children developed behavior patterns that continued into their adult life. They were also more likely to have a criminal record that those who were not bullies.
Effects on the Family
Workplace bullying affects domestic stability and tranquility. It can trigger a vicious circle of events where the victim becomes a bully and hurts loved ones at home. The pattern thus continues. Furthermore, it can lead a spouse or family member to fight the bully in a misguided show of support for the victim. On the other hand, a spouse may blame his or her partner for for bringing on the trouble. When such cases of bullying remain unresolved, even spouses who are otherwise supportive have been known to run out of patience. As time passes, the family may disintegrate.
In some instances, bullying results results in a loss of career and livelihood, in separation and divorce, or even suicide. Between one half and two thirds of Australian victims of workplace bullying reported bad effects on their close relationships, such as those with their partner, spouse, or family.