julia asked in HealthOther - Health · 7 years ago

What are the effects of nutrition on the physical, intellectual, and social development of a child?

please use point form..... it's helpful

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    The food we eat plays an important role in our physical and emotional wellbeing at every stage of our lives from the preconceptive nutrition of a mother planning her pregnancy through to weaning, adolescence, adult and older adulthood. The benefits to babies of breast versus formula milks in terms of brain function is well documented. These benefits are thought to be as a consequence of increased levels of Essential fatty Acids (EFAs) in breastmilk. Many studies have reviewed research over the past number of years, which clearly support the notion that the inclusion of breakfast improves daily and long-term academic performance in children. Similarly, research studies suggest that when children are hungry, behaviour is worsened. Conversely, the provision of nutritious meals helps decrease fighting and absence whilst simultaneously increasing attention. A number of studies suggest that supplementation of the diet can impact on the behaviour of offenders and have a positive impact on reduction of antisocial behaviour.

    Diet-mood connection - The following is a list of nutrients. Just below each is foods containing that nutrient, then what the mechanism is, and then the proposed effect:

    Protein

    Meat, milk, eggs, cheese, fish, beans

    Dopamine, Norepinephrine

    Increased alertness, concentration

    Carbohydrate (CHO)

    Grains, fruits, sugars

    Serotonin

    Increased calmness, relaxation

    Calories

    All foods

    Reduced blood flow to the brain

    Excess calories in a meal is associated with decreased alertness and concentration after the meal

    (Illustration by GGS Information Services/Thomson Gale.)

    KEY TERMS

    Amino acids—These are the building blocks of protein

    Carbohydrates—carbohydrates are a major source of energy. Carbohydrates in the diet are principally made up of starches, sugars and dietary fibre.

    Fats—Fat is a concentrated source of energy. Foods that are high in fat provide a lot of energy and are good sources of vitamins, A, D, E, and K and provide essential fatty acids.

    Minerals—These are elements which are essential for the body’s normal function including calcium, iron, phosphorous, magnesium, sodium, chloride, iodine, manganese, copper, and zinc

    Proteins—These are large molecules which are made up of thousands of amino acids. The primary function of protein is grwth and repair of body tissues.

    Serotonin—A neurotransmitter and a hormone. As a neurotransmitter is acts like a chemical in the brain which help transmit signals in the brain

    Tryptophan—This is an amino acid which plays a role in the manufacture of serotonin

    Vitamins—These are compounds required by the body in small amounts to assist in energy production and in cell growth and maintenance. They are essential for life and with the exception of vitamin D, cannotbe made in the body. They should ideally be consumed from food. However, individuals who struggle to eat can obtain their vitamin requirements from dietary supplements.

    Source(s): diet.com
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