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Andrew asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 8 years ago

Hitler's attack on Russia?

Why would you say it was a mistake? What do you think he should have done?

6 Answers

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  • Thomas
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. It was a war against Bolshevism, not Russia or "Russians". The COMINTERN (Communist International) under the leadership of Stalin announced year by year that the world revolution would have to be advanced by "non peaceful means" after the "Army of the working class" (Red Army) would be strong enough to conquer Western countries. In the following "class struggle" in those countries the extermination of the "Bourgeoisie" (Middle and upper class) and abandonment of democracy (oppression instrument of the Bourgeoisie) were announced to be legitimated means to arrive at the phase of "Dictatorship of the Proletariat", an intermediate state in the long way to complete communist revolution. Preferred targets as publicly announced: Germany, Great Britain, Japan and the USA.

    2. The 1.2 Million metric tons of was material per month Stalin received from the "neutral" USA were not taken into calculations by German strategists. German submarines sank 300.000 metric tons per month but 900.000 tons per month, more than the German monthly civilian and military industrial production, arrived and in fact was the amount of war material Stalin had asked for. Such a gigantic donation must be added to the Soviet's own industrial output. That slowed down the German campaign which was predicted to last 10 weeks. US Strategists recently published a paper that under similar conditions they would have made a prediction of 12 weeks.The German calculations therefore were not far from reality. The start of the campaign in June was chosen to be ready before the winter would arrive.

    3. Winter 41 came earlier in all countries of Europe including Russia and was the hardest winter in the history of mankind, a least since weather was recorded. That record is valid until today.

    4. Hitler had no ambitions to conquer anything in the West. He did the best he could to avoid what Churchill did the best he could to draw him into: a two front war. That was the only reason for the campaigns in the West

    Complete correspondence Stalin/Roosevelt/Churchill in links 1 & 2

    All COMINTERN protocols with the announcements as quoted above: link 3

  • 8 years ago

    Hitler never should have attacked the USSR. He should have focused all his resources on defeating the British in North Africa and capturing the British isles. The Soviets were not a threat to Hitler, and he would have been much better off defeating the British so as to ensure the western front was secure before opening a theatre in Russia.

    Hitler however was trying to do what his idol had Frederick the Great had done in the Seven Years War, which was fight a war on three fronts at one time. However, Frederick did not choose to fight the war this way, and only survived due to his military genius. Hitler was far from a military genius, and Frederick never actually invaded Russia, he only defended against them.

    By attacking the USSR, Hitler divided his resources, and opened up an ENORMOUS front which forced him to commit more troops and resources than he really could afford to. In addition, the distance from Germany to Russia meant that his supply wides were overextended.

  • 8 years ago

    One of the greatest mistakes in military history.

    he hated communism & communists as did most of his military & Nazi advisors.

    He had already made enemies of the UK & France & they had made a pact with the soviets which while they may not have wanted to honor they were bound to honor.

    As a megalomaniac he did what he wanted & over ruled his military.

    He was advised not to provoke the other sleeping giant (The USA), as the manufacturing capacity was too great. He believed America was decadent & run by Jews & blacks.

    He over stretched his armies in North Africa, he over stretched his armies in Russia & about the only places his military worked perfectly was Poland & France.

    What he should have done is that he should not have invaded Poland in the first place & then should not have invaded Russia in the 2nd place & should not have made the UK want to fight him, nor should he have provoked the USA.

    He thought he was going to change the world with his idea & hatred of certain peoples.

    If he had not gone after the Jews he probably would have been able to make atomic bombs.

    He felt that the Romans when they took over most of Europe & n. Africa & the near east 2,000 years ago is something that he admired & wanted his empire to look like.

    Only the Romans took over 300 years to accomplish the feat, he wanted it done in a couple of years.

    Nazi hubris is what brought him down.

  • 8 years ago

    All you have to do is look at a map of Russia and you can figure out most of it. Russia west of the Urals is bigger than all of Europe put together. Sooner or later the German Armies would out run their supplies and get so spread out that the Russians would simply surround and overun them which is exactly what happened.

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  • ?
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    He should have listened and took note of his advisers. The army was overstretched and not able to supply the back up necessary to invade such a vast country.

  • Anonymous
    8 years ago

    Operation Barberossa was a Total Mistake

    what the British Knew about Germany Albert Speer sent a coded Message to Hitler telling him that germany would Run out of Fuel in 2 years so June 1941 was 6 months after this messeage was sent but the Great Cpl sent in His Armies to take On the whole of the USSR

    On 17 June 1941 Hitler gave the order to attack, and three army groups moved towards the border with the Soviet Union. Hitler believed in victory. Several months earlier, he had called the Red Army a “colossus with feet of clay”.

    Wars between major powers usually begin with border combat, and only after several days do the main forces enter into military actions, as the armies need time to stage the offensive. Germany had staged its troops beforehand and on 22 June 1941 attacked all-out with its main forces of three army groups.

    Army Group North, commanded by General Field Marshal Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, was staged in East Prussia, at the objectives of Klaipeda and Godlap. It consisted of 23 infantry divisions and six tank and motorized divisions. The task of this group was to defeat the Soviet forces in the Baltic States and to conquer the Baltic seaports of Leningrad, Tallinn and Kronshtadt. 1070 battle planes of the First Air Fleet supported the offensive.

    Army Group Center, under the command of General Field Marshal Fedor von Bock, was staged in the former Polish territories, at the objectives of Goldap and Vlodava. It was to cleave through the Soviet defense front, to annihilate Soviet forces in Belarus and then continue the movement towards Moscow. This group consisted of 50 divisions, including 15 tank and motorized, and was supported by 1680 battle planes of the Second Air Fleet.

    Army Group South, commanded by Gerd von Rundstedt, consisted of 57 divisions, nine of them tank and motorized, and 13 brigades, one of them tank, and one of them motorized. This group was also staged in former Polish lands, at the objective of Lublin at the Danube. The Fourth Air Fleet, consisting of 800 battle planes, and the Romanian Air Fleet with 500 battle planes supported this army group. The South Group’s task was to annihilate Soviet forces at the Right-Bank Ukraine and to develop the attack, moving east from the Dnieper.

    The Soviet General Staff did not anticipate such movements.

    In total, 3712 tanks, 47260 field guns and mortars, 4950 battle planes and more than 5.5 million men participated in the attack on the Soviet Union.and 750,000 horses the german army was Not fully mechanised and used Horses to drag its field artillery and to Pull trucks that had run out of Fuel

    The final aim of Operation Barbarossa was not reached. In spite all the German victories, the “blitz war” strategy appeared to be useless. Hitler underestimated the Red Army’s qualifications and its mobilization capability, though the German commandment had rather accurate information about the strength of the Soviet forces. In September, the Soviet commandment sent 324 divisions to the front lines, while the German commandment was expecting to meet about 40 Soviet divisions. In addition, it was hard for the German commandment to coordinate the actions of three army groups.

    The Army Group North did not occupy Leningrad. The Army Group South did not abolish the Soviet forces in the Right-Bank Ukraine in time. The Soviet forces of the Southern and South-Western Fronts had time to withdraw to the Dnieper and to establish themselves.

    The Army Group Center turned from Moscow and lost time and strategic initiative. In the autumn 1941, the German commandment developed a new plan of military action against the Soviet Union known as Operation Typhoon. because Operation Barbarossa had Failed and he was still fighting and Bombing the British

    if Hitler had Only listened to his Generals the Russian Campaign would have ended very Different

    what he should have done Is take North Africa and the Oil Fields fully mechanism his army and Took on Russia in may 1943 this was the Year that Germany was producing More of everything but fuel as a result tanks Trucks and Aircraft sat in the Factories doing Nothing

    as a Member of the RAF in Germany it was a sight to see all the Destroyed Equipment Not used because Germany ran out of Fuel 27 dec 1944 that is why we Captured tanks and other war equipment Undamaged now sitting in war Museums around the world

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