Environmental geology (and some common sense)?
is it possible at all that magma and petroleum field to collide, and if it ever happened, what would be the outcome? Please also send me some links for further research.
- 7 years agoFavorite Answer
Geology is the scientific study of the Earth, including the solid Earth, the hydrosphere, and the atmosphere. Some of this study is "academic", as practiced in research institutions, but a lot of it is applied in the sense that it is used for the solution of problems relevant to society. In this regard, then, applied geology and engineering have a common goal. Enter, then the practice of geological engineering, which could be divided in:
Engineering geology, whose practitioners provide civil engineers with the information on soil strength, rock mechanics, or seismic behavior that is needed to design lasting civil works. Engineering geologists are also involved in the location of suitable banks of construction materials, mapping of active fault strands, and estimation of compaction potential, slope stability, and liquefaction susceptibility.
Ore deposits geology (aka economic geology), whose practitioners explore and locate the mineral deposits that will be extracted by the mining engineer, and will be refined by the metallurgical engineer.
Petroleum geology, whose practitioners explore and locate petroleum and natural gas that will be extracted by the petroleum engineer.
Hydrogeology, whose practitioners characterize the variability and availability of surface water that will be managed by the hydraulic engineer, locate and characterize groundwater resources, and help design dewatering approaches needed by civil and mining engineers.
Environmental geology, whose practitioners locate and quantify contamination in soil and groundwater, and in concert with environmental engineers design strategies for cleanup. It is quite common for environmental geologists to be well versed in hydrogeology and applied geochemistry.
Applied geophysics, whose practitioners survey the Earth by physical methods with the intent to measure properties needed for civil engineering design or to contribute in the location of construction materials, mineral deposits, petroleum reservoirs, aquifers, or contaminated groundwater.
Applied geochemistry, whose practitioners contribute in the location of mineral deposits and petroleum reservoirs, or in the destruction of soil and groundwater contaminants.
We at California State University Stanislaus do not have a School of Engineering, but have made an effort to have a strong emphasis in applied geology. Partly this is due to the fact that most of our graduates go directly to the work force, where they are expected to be proficient in the work requirements of the disciplines listed above, and partly because I am a geological engineer with working experience in engineering geology, hydrogeology, geophysics, petroleum geology, and ore deposits geology.