Math Assignment HELP!!?
Question 3. Let V (t) be the volume of a benign tumour in cm3 after t years. For t greater than equal to 0, suppose that V (t) satisfies the following differential equation
a) If initially V (0) = 1, find V (t).
b) Compute lim V (t) and interpret. t→∞
c) Use Newton’s method to find when the volume of the tumour will be 2 cm^3. Use 5 decimal places in your computations and find the answer with 3 decimal places of precision.
- hfshawLv 77 years agoFavorite Answer
You have (I think):
dV/dt = (1 + t)*exp(-t)
This is a simple, separable equation:
dV = (exp(-t) + t*exp(-t)) dt
Integrate both sides:
V(t) = -exp(-t) - (t+1)*exp(-t) + c
where c is the constant of integration.
V(t) = c - (t + 2)*exp(-t)
Now use the initial condition to solve for the constant:
V(0) = 1 = c - 2
c = 3
So the solution to this initial value problem is:
V(t) = 3 - (t + 2)*exp(-t)
As t→∞, the exponential term goes to zero, so the long-term (steady state) volume of the tumor is 3
For the final part of the question, you are trying to find the value of t such that:
2 = 3 - (t + 2)*exp(-t)
1 = (t + 2)*exp(-t)
exp(t) = t + 2
This is a transcendental equation that cannot be solved algebraically. You can do the numerical approximations needed to find when V(t) = 2; they are not amenable to writing out in this medium. Personally, I would simply do it by trial and error using a spreadsheet or a calculator. You should find that t = ~1.146 yrs