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How did the League of Nations fail Ethiopia?
- poornakumar bLv 77 years agoFavorite Answer
Abyssinia (Ethiopia) was the only major country in Africa that was never a colony, if for a while we ignore the other (second) free country Liberia, set up by a US president Monroe for the freed Black slaves of US.
Mussolini occupied Ethiopia with 400,000 troops in 1935, forcing Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie to flee.
League of Nations (LoN) condemned Italian aggression. It promptly imposed economic sanctions in November 1935, that were largely ineffective as they didn't stop oil sales or closure of Suez Canal, controlled by Britain. Suez Canal was vital for the Italians. A reasons why the sanctions were not very harsh was that both Britain & France feared the prospect of driving Mussolini & German dictator Adolf Hitler into an alliance.
LoN was a toothless organisation that depended on military forces of the member Nations as & when contingencies arise. None of its members readily had the required military forces to face an Italian attack (as revealed by the British PM, Stanley Baldwin).
US President Franklin D. Roosevelt invoked the then passed Neutrality Acts & placed an embargo on arms & munitions to both sides in October 1935 (equating in turn the Aggressor with the victim). But he extended a further "moral embargo" (setting the imbalance right) on the belligerent Italians including other items of trade. On 5 October & later on 29 February 1936, the US endeavoured, with limited success, to limit its exports of oil & other materials to normal peacetime levels. It all clearly shows the helplessness of World Community.
The December 1935 Hoare–Laval Pact was an attempt by British Foreign Secretary Samuel Hoare & French Prime Minister Pierre Laval that proposed to partition into an Italian sector & an Abyssinian sector. That was the cruellest cut. The lesson to be learnt is never to have such mediators who equate the aggressor with the victim. That became a feature of European mediation ever since, citing practicalities. However following vehement public protest against it, describing it as a sell-out of Abyssinia Hoare & Laval were forced to resign. The British & French governments dissociated themselves from the two men.
Haile Selassie spoke to the Assembly in his native 'Amharic', appealing for its help in protecting his country, although there was no precedent for a head of state to address the Assembly of the LoN in person. It was the poignancy of the situation. The (Abyssinian) crisis shows how LoN could be influenced by members' self-interest (the British-French fear of driving Mussolini into Hitler camp, to cite an example).
At last (after LoN's conclusive failure), when Italy entered into World War II, British (Impireal) forces together with patriot Abyssinian (Ethiopian) fighters, officially liberated it in the course of the East African Campaign in 1941. An Italian guerrilla campaign continued until 1943. It was followed by British recognition of Ethiopia's full sovereignty, by an agreement.Source(s): Wiki
- WMDLv 77 years ago
The League of Nations, created by, of, and for, imperialist nations, failed not only Ethiopia, but the entire world. The League failed to punish Italy for its aggression against Ethiopia in the same way the U.N. failed to punish the United States of America for its aggression against Iran, Iraq, Cuba, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Vietnam, Grenada, Korea, Indonesia, Libya, and so on.Source(s): Useless Organisations: The League of Nations, the United Nations
- tuffyLv 77 years ago
Italy, under Mussolini, invaded Ethiopia and the League did nothing. It did nothing because it had no way of punishing a nation for transgressions - like one country invading another.
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- ammianusLv 77 years ago
By doing nothing to help Ethiopia when Italy invaded
By doing nothing effective against Italy that would force them to withdraw from Ethiopia.