Which of the following elements of the Constitution is the author defending in this quote?

"In republican government, the legislative authority necessarily predominates. The remedy for this inconveniency is to divide the legislature into different branches; and to render them, by different modes of election and different principles of action, as little connected with each other as the nature of their common functions and their common dependence on the society will admit."–Federalist No. 51

A. creating a federal system of government where states and federal government share power and responsibility

B. splitting Congress into the Senate and House of Representatives with different structures and functions

C. determining the process of electing the president to be through a vote of all members of the legislative branch

D. providing ways for the executive branch and Supreme Court to check the legislative branch's powers and actions

I cannot choose whether it's A or B. Both seem right. Any help, please?

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    Conspicuously "B."

    I assume you see "A" as a qualifying answer because you see States and D.C. as "branches." They are not.

    Have you ever been a member of a club? Did you think of "members" and "the club" as two BRANCHES of something?

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