How did a person publish an article in the eighteenth century Europe?
In a case where an author submits a handwritten manuscript, was that directly typed into a paper format ? Or did pubblishers/booksellers had the right to make a change in grammar or spellings?
- MarliLv 76 months ago
The answers are good. I'll just add that - depending on the country - there were censorship laws to get around. The publisher might need to send a copy of the work for approval by the Stationer's Office or the office of the person the ruler appointed to be the Censor of Books and Plays. That bureaucrat might order changes or forbid the journal or other work to be published. The publisher or printer and author might publish it "underground" or in another country and sneak it to those who would sell it under the counter - like Tyndale's translation of the Bible was smuggled into England in the mid-sixteenth century.
- 6 months ago
Quite often, the only edit would be by the type setter. Other times, they'd print "galleys", which would then be gone over by an editor or possibly the author to make sure they were perfect.
As always it depended on the quality of the article or book.
- CogitoLv 76 months ago
As there were no typewriters back then, there was no other way to submit an article to a publisher than in handwriting.
The publishers would have proofed and edited it, discussed changes with the author, and then it would have been typeset. One copy was then printed, which the writer and the publisher would have checked again, and then a number of further copies made, as required.
As anyone who was educated enough to write an entire article would have been taught to use excellent English, they didn't usually need to change much.
- ibu guruLv 76 months ago
No typewriters back then, but there were printing presses. Editors revised, corrected the manuscript (or demanded rewrites of the author). Then it went to typesetters & proofreaders, then printed.
Any professional writer WANTS a good editor & proofreader! In fact, most want a reader to check it before it even goes to a publisher. No writer wants to look like a jacka$$ due to typos, glitches, grammatical errors, or sheer stupidity.
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- 6 months ago
Jews checked their spellings