- PetterLv 72 months ago
Because they built it there?
- RainLv 72 months ago
A very interesting question that I can't answer.
- lenpol7Lv 72 months ago
You might as well ask 'why is Washington in the USA'.
- Bill-MLv 72 months ago
For the Same Reason New York City is in New York State.
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- danxp2Lv 62 months ago
Because the pope at the time really didn’t know what the new world looked like and gave “half’ to Spain and “half” to Portugal. Portugal’s half was Brazil including Rio. The rest went to Spain. Now if your question is why didn’t break up into tiny states like the Spanish part did with Uruguay, Paraguay, Peru, etc. that would be
‘Because the Portuguese monarchy moved there.
In 1808, the Portuguese royal family, under threat from Napoleon (this was the height of the Napoleonic Wars, after all), left for Brazil. While there, the Prince Regent Dom João is said to have fallen in love with the country. More importantly, the royal family established Brazil’s first printing press, stock exchanges, and even a National Bank, drastically changing the colony. Once Napoleon was defeated, other European regents demanded that Dom João return to Brazil, but he instead decided to establish the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves – effectively, creating a transatlantic kingdom and ending Brazil’s status as a colony.
When the royal family finally returned to Portugal, João’s son, Pedro de Alcântara stayed on. Soon after, the Portuguese court tried to turn Brazil back into a colony, sparking an independence movement – which Pedro joined. Pedro declared Brazilian independence in 1822, and shortly thereafter, the newly-titled Dom Pedro I became the first ruler of the Empire of Brazil. After a three-year war, Portugal officially recognized Brazil’s independence in 1825.
In the end, Brazil didn’t split up into smaller countries like the rest of South America because it already had a history as a state with a centralized ruler, and independence was in effect an effort to keep that intact. Moreover, the establishment of a press and financial institutions by the royal family tied the country together. That is not to say that there wasn’t political unrest – in fact, Brazil has suffered from political instability for a lot of its history. But this turmoil didn’t splinter the empire, and directly led to the huge, multicultural and vibrant nation that hosted the Olympics.’