HELP! Which one of the following marks the tightening of centralizing power of the empires and big states in the 17th century...?

King Charles I's beheading in 1659.

Bourbon government's reforms to increase customs revenues on American exports.

Manchus signing the Treaty of Nerchinsk with Russia.

Peter the Great's modernization of the Russia and Catherine II's seizure of eastern Poland.

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  • Clive
    Lv 7
    4 weeks ago

    What does this have to do with elections?

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  • 4 weeks ago

    None of those do. It was the end of feudalism, and the rise of capitalism, and the creation of empires, usually overseas, which was supposedly in the 1400s and 1500s.

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