Examine the following phonetic data from Lumasaaba ?

Examine the following phonetic data from Lumasaaba (a Bantu language), paying particular attention to the sounds [k] and [ʧ]. The symbol [ɲ] is a "palatal nasal" (i.e., a nasal produced with the tongue pushed up against the roof of the mouth). Some people have one in <onion> [əɲjən]. It is not critical that you understand this segment in detail to solve the problem...

      Lumasaaba English Translation

1. [katemu] 'a small snake'

2. [kuʧina] 'to dance'

3. [kunila] 'to wince'

4. [iŋkaːfu 'a cow'

5. [kubululuka] 'to fly'

6. [ʧinaga] 'a pipe'

7. [ʧisife] 'an eyebrow'

8. [luseʧe] 'a straw'

9. [iɲʧese] 'a sheep'

10. [kaʧese] 'a lamb'

First Question:

Which of the following statements is true?

Select one:

a. The sounds [k] and [ʧ] are sometimes contrastive in Lumasaaba and sometimes not.

b. The sounds [k] and [ʧ] can be found in minimal pairs in Lumasaaba.

c. The sounds [k] and [ʧ] are allophones of a single phoneme in Lumasaaba.

d. The sounds [k] and [ʧ] represent two separate phonemes in Lumasaaba.

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