Did Hiroshima and Nagasaki have significant military presence during WW2?. Is that why those cities were targets for the Atomic bombs?

Aside from the fact that Japan promised a fight to the last man, that every Japanese at the time was a enemy combatant. 

9 Answers

  • 4 months ago
    Favorite Answer

    Originally, the Target Committee chose 5 targets: 

    - Kokura - the site of one of Japan's largest munitions plants

    - Hiroshima - the site of major military headquarters, communications center, a storage point, and an assembly area for troops

    - Yokohama - a center for aircraft manufacture, machine tools, and oil refineries

    - Niigata - a port with industrial facilities including steel and aluminum plants and an oil refinery

    - Kyoto - a major industrial center

    Besides having significant military targets, these cities did not get bombed and damaged by the bombing raids, so accurate assessment of the damage caused by the atomic bombs could be assessed.  Later, Nagasaki was put on the target list instead of Kyoto. Nagasaki was a major military port, one of Japan's largest shipbuilding and repair centers, and an important producer of naval ordnance.

    Targeting was finalized on July 25, 1945. Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, & Nagasaki are the potential-targets (as weather permitted). 

    On August 6, 1945, Hiroshima had a clear day, so the plan moved forward. 

    Kokura, the intended target for the second bombing, was spared, because the city was covered by the cloud on August 9, 1945. So, Nagasaki was chosen instead.


  • 4 months ago

    Yes, very much so.



    Major, Squadron Commander, 42nd Bomb Wing, 2nd Air Force, Strategic Air Command (SAC), US Air Force, 1960-74 

  • 4 months ago

    Hiroshima=Western Army HQ

    Nagasaki=Kure shipyard

    Yes, schoolchildren trained with bamboo spears for a last ditch defense. A school I taught at in Japan had a little museum of their own history-and to their credit they had the photographs of the spear drills, and students assembling torpedo components in the classrooms. 

    It should be noted that it was not assumed that atomic weapons would end the war. Hence, the military targets-it was preparation for the invasion of Honshu. Japan appeared to be weak later in the war precisely because resources were being hoarded for the Götterdämmerung. Aircraft stayed in their  revetments, and destroyers were stashed up rivers. Fuel, ammo, etc., it was all set aside the repel the invasion. This is what led to the myth of the Japanese military being near collapse at the end of the conflict. 

  • 4 months ago

    Humans can only plan , . Fate is decided by God Almighty !  :)

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  • Kieth
    Lv 7
    4 months ago

    The weather was clear over those cities on those days. That is how they chose which cities to hit. Seriously, that's how.

  • keerok
    Lv 7
    4 months ago

    Japan's military strength was very close to zero at that time. They were down to their last line of defense - women, children and the elders. 

    As to why they were targeted, Nagasaki hosted a naval base while Hiroshima was a vital factory hub for weapons and ammunition.

  • Anonymous
    4 months ago

    They were significant Valid military targets. The Army Air Corps dropped leaflets prior to both bombings urging civilians to leave the area. Korkura was originally slated to be bombed also but was scrubbed because their was too much cloud cover the objective. Hiroshima was headquarters of the Second General Army a Marine Garrison and supply depots and shipping at a port facility.  Nagasaki had significant importance as well.

  • Anonymous
    4 months ago

    No, Hiroshima just happened to be one of the few Japanese cities we hadn't flattened yet. Nagasaki was the same, but the intended target was Kokura, but bad weather over the target caused a switch to Nagasaki.

  • 4 months ago

    They were targeted because they were highly populated and Japan would have fought to the very end otherwise. Realistically, the atomic bombs probably saved lives.

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