The density of palladium is 12.0 g/cm 3. The unit cell of Pd is a face-centered cube. Calculate the atomic radius of Pd?

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  • 1 month ago

    The last statement of the given solution is this:

    Radius of Pd atom = (1/4) × (3.891 × 10⁻⁸) × √2 cm = 1.38 × 10⁻⁸ cm = 13.8 × nm

    The typical unit for atomic radii is picometers, not nanometers.

    1.38 × 10⁻⁸ cm = 138 pm

    By the way, the answer in nm is 0.138 nm. I'm not sure what that ending part of 13.8 × nm is doing there.

    Everything else on the calculation is just fine. For some more examples, please go here:

    https://www.chemteam.info/Liquids&Solids/WS-fcc-AP...

  • 1 month ago

    The figure below shows a unit cell of face-centered cube of Pd.

    No. of Pd atoms at the corners = 8 × (1/8) = 1

    No. of Pd atoms on the faces = 6 × (1/2) = 3

    No. of Pd atoms in an unit cell = 1 +m 3 = 4

    The mass of each mole (6.022 × 10²³ atoms) of Pb = 106.4 g

    Mass of an unit cell of Pd = (106.4 g) × [4/(6.022 × 10²³)] = 7.067 × 10⁻²² g

    Volume of an unit cell of Pd = (7.067 × 10⁻²² g) / (12.0 g/cm³) = 5.889 × 10⁻²³ cm³

    Length of each edge of an unit cell of Pd = √(5.889 × 10⁻²³ cm³) = 3.891 × 10⁻⁸ cm

    Length of the diagonal of each face of the unit cell of Pd:

    4 × (Radius of Pd atom) = (3.891 × 10⁻⁸ cm) × √2

    Radius of Pd atom = (1/4) × (3.891 × 10⁻⁸) × √2 cm = 1.38 × 10⁻⁸ cm = 13.8 × nm

    Attachment image
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