What is different between calories and joules?
- ZirpLv 74 months ago
Calorie is defined as the amount of energy needed to heat up a gram of water one degree celsius
Joule is defined as amount of energy needed to speed up a gram by one meter per second, or as watt times second
Ultimately it's very much like comparing a liter to a gallon
- 4 months ago
1 Joule = 1 Newton * 1 meter.
Joules measure the amount of work that is done to move a mass through a space. If you move a 1 kg object on the Earth's surface (or more accurately, it's accelerating downward at an acceleration of g) a distance of 1 meter, then you'll use 1 Joule of energy to do so.
1 Calorie is the amount of heat energy it takes to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius.
4.186 Joules = 1 Calorie
They both measure energy, which is why they convert easily, but the way they are defined is slightly different.
- ?Lv 74 months ago
note that food calories are actually 1000x these calories.
1 cal = energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1° centigrade.
- billrussell42Lv 74 months ago
joules are the standard SI (metric) unit of energy
calories are an obsolete unit of energy, from the old cgs system
1 joule is equal to:
0.2390 cal (gram calories)
2.390×10^−4 kcal (food calories)