Why was there a plot against James the Ist to blow him up in parliament ?
- John PLv 73 weeks agoFavorite Answer
That plot was hatched in the hope of bringing back Roman Catholicism to England. The idea was to blow up the king and all the members of parliament.
- conley39Lv 73 weeks ago
They wanted to end the persecution of Roman Catholics by the English government.
- Anonymous3 weeks ago
It was a racialist plot by those not prepared to see a minority monarch.
- MoriartyLv 73 weeks ago
James I (& VI of Scotland) was the son of Mary, Queen of Scots. Mary was a Catholic contender for the English throne, opposing her Protestant cousin, Elizabeth I. Catholics in England were keen on Mary becoming the monarch as under Elizabeth they were regarded as religious dissenters or "recusants", which subjected them to punishment such as fines, property confiscation, and imprisonment if they did not participate in Anglican religious activity. To prevent any Catholic-driven uprising against her, Elizabeth had Mary executed at Fotheringhay Castle.
As an adult, James realised that he was the only viable heir to the childless Elizabeth, so he converted to becoming a Protestant to secure his succession to the English throne, which made him an appealing choice for Parliament and the Privy Council upon Elizabeth's death in 1603. English Catholics were joyous too, as they now assumed the son of the Catholic Mary, despite his choice of religion, would be far more tolerant and even encouraging of their own religious practices.
However, disaster for average Catholics struck shortly after James arrived in England. Two plots against him were uncovered, both involving his kidnapping. The first or "Bye Plot" (also known as "The Surprising Treason") involved a group of Jesuit priests hoping to force James to remove the 1588 Recusancy Acts and a series of government ministers. The second or "Main Plot" was financed by Catholic Spain to have James replaced with his cousin, Lady Arabella Stuart. Consequently, James ordered all Roman Catholic clergy out of the country upon the threat of execution and put tighter controls on Catholics in general.
Things were now worse for Catholics than ever before and despite their hopes, James, in their eyes, proved worse than Elizabeth and their desire for tolerance was dashed. This led to a group of 13 Catholic men, led by Robert Catesby, to organise what has become known as the infamous "Gunpowder Plot".
They leased an undercroft beneath the original House of Lords in Parliament, where they placed 36 barrels of gunpowder - enough to destroy the whole building and a vast portion of the surrounding area, including Westminster Abbey. One of the minor plotters with experience with explosives, Guido (or Guy) Fawkes, was to organise and light the fuses when the time came. This was to take place during the annual State Opening of Parliament, where the king, all the Lords and Members of Parliament would be in attendance. The idea being this would wipe out the whole of the top echelons of English leadership, the monarch's closest family, the Privy Council and Protestant Bishops allowing those Catholic plotters to kidnap and place James's 9 year-old daughter on the throne as a Catholic puppet monarch and return England back toward the welcoming arms of Rome.
Whether or not this plot was uncovered weeks before by England's spymasters or the letter to the Catholic-sympathiser, Lord Monteagle, warning him not to attend the State Opening on the 5th November 1605, was it's real undoing, we'll never be certain, but a search of the premises in the early hours by Thomas Knyvet (oddly, the original occupier of 10 Downing Street) led to the discovery and arrest of Guy Fawkes and the round up of all the rest of the plotters. After a cross-country chase on horseback, shoot-out and detonation of remaining gunpowder, the surviving plotters were charged with treason and hanged, drawn and quartered. Although, when the rope was placed around his neck, Fawkes jumped from the scaffold, saving himself the agony of being disembowelled alive.
This plot resulted in the rights of Catholics being almost totally removed in England. James I issued a proclamation that the 5th November would be celebrated as for the saving of the Protestant religion, of his life and the survival of Parliament, which still continues today. Along with the doggerel rhyme created shortly after the plot's failure:
"Remember, remember, the fifth of November,
Gunpowder, treason and plot;
I see no reason why gunpowder treason
Should ever be forgot."
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- TinaLv 73 weeks ago
Guy Fawkes, one of the plotters said the intention was to "blow you Scotch beggars back to your native mountains." Janes I was a Scot and brought a number of his fellow countrymen with him when he came to England, who were not necessarily popular. But in fact the intention was to stop the persecution of Catholics and restore the faith to England.
There are a number of unanswered questions about plot, and it could have been that the conspirators were fitted up by agents provocateurs of the government's spy department, which was powerful and extensive.
- Sir CausticLv 73 weeks ago
Because ever since the early days of his coronation he had begun to slowly, and irrevocably deflate.Some say he was wasting away from regularly administered doses of slow poison; some claim he was on some extreme diet, or had The Black Pox.
Whatever the reason, the King was deflating and so the court doctor, Guy Fawkes, decided to try out the latest cure for deflation - proximity to lots of gunpowder. So he had his men pile hundreds of barrels beneath the King. Unfortunately, later anti-Guy Fawkes historians claimed - untruthfully - that he was, in fact, trying to blow up the King, or something.
Lies. I mean, what would be the motive? Ridiculous.
- Anonymous3 weeks ago
Supporters of his arch-rival, Mary Queen of Scots, wanted to remove or kill James and his supporters, and install Mary as head of a radically Protestant (Puritan) regime in alliance with France and Spain.