probability simple problem ?
Five people are in a room. What is the probability that at least two of them were born on the same day of the week?
- King LeoLv 73 weeks agoFavorite Answer
Assuming each of the five people has a different day of birth of the week.
For example the first person can be born on any one of the available seven days; so first person has 7 ways out seven. One day is taken, there six days left; thus second person 6 ways out total seven days of the week…...
1st person has 7 ways, thus p₁ = 7/7
2nd person has 6 ways, thus p₂ = 6/7
3rd person has 5 ways, thus p₃ = 5/7
4th person has 4 ways, thus p₄ = 4/7
5th person has 3 ways, thus p₅ = 3/7
P( all have different day of the week )
= ( 7/7 )( 6/7 )( 5/7 )( 4/7 )( 3/7 )
= 360 / 2401
P( at least two of them were born on the same day of the week )
= 1 - P( all have different day of the week )
= 1 - 360/2401
= 2041 / 2401
—————— ≈ 0.850 or 85.0%
- PuzzlingLv 73 weeks ago
Let's think of the opposite case. That would mean that they are all born on different days of the week.
The first person has a 7/7 chance of being born on some day of the week. :)
The second person has a 6/7 chance of not being born on the same day as the first person.
The third person has a 5/7 chance of not being born on the same day as either of the first two.
The fourth person has a 4/7 chance...
The fifth person has a 3/7 chance...
So the probability that they are all born on different days of the week is:
7/7 * 6/7 * 5/7 * 4/7 * 3/7
But we want the opposite case that at least two people were born on the same day of the week, so subtract from 1.
1 - 0.15
Answer:About 0.85 (85%)
- cosmoLv 73 weeks ago
Call them A, B, C, D, and E.
A is born on some day of the week.
The probability that B is not born on the same day of the week is 6/7
The probability that C is not born the same day as A or B is 5/7
The probability that D is not born the same day as A, B, or C is 4/7
The probability that E is not born on the same day as A, B, C, or D is 3/7
The probability of all these things being true is (6*5*4*3)/(7^4) = 0.1499
The opposite of that is 1 - 0.1499 = 0.85006
What is the probability if eight people are in the room?