An object with a mass of 32 kg is attached to a spring ?
An object with a mass of 32 kg is attached to a spring starts from rest and is pulled by the spring across a horizontal frictionless surface and reaches a final velocity of 2.8 m/s in 2s. What is the distance in centimeters that the spring is stretched by if the spring constant is 40 N/m?
the answer is 112 but I don't know how to get it
- NCSLv 71 month ago
Since the surface is frictionless, there is no "final velocity" for the system -- it oscillates forever. The problem cannot be solved as stated.
Oddly enough, if you solve for the angular frequency, you get one of the choices you list:
ω = √(k/m) = √(40kg/s² / 32kg) = 1.12 rad/s
If 2.8 m/s is the MAXIMUM velocity, then the amplitude was
A = v / ω = 2.8m/s / 1.12rad/s = 2.5 m
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- VamanLv 71 month ago
Let the equation be y= a sin wt.w=sqrt(k/m)= sqrt(40/32)=1.1. Velocity= aw cos wt. Maximum velocity=2.8/2=1.4= a 1.1, a=distance maximum= 1.4/1.1=1.27 m. d seem to the correct answer.