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Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsChemistry · 1 month ago

For the reaction PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) PCl5(g) at a particular temperature, Kc = 24.3. ?

For the reaction PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) PCl5(g) at a particular temperature, Kc = 24.3. Suppose a system at that temperature is prepared with [PCl3] = 0.10 M, [Cl2] = 0.15 M, and [PCl5] = 0.60 M. What are the equilibrium concentrations of PCl3(g), Cl2(g) and PCl5(g)?

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  • 1 month ago
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    PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) → PCl5(g)   [balanced as written]

    Kc = [PCl5] / ([PCl3] [Cl2])

    Let "z" be the concentration (in M) of PCl5 lost in the reaction.

    Then the concentrations at equilibrium are:

    [PCl5] = 0.60 - z

    [PCl3] = 0.10 + z

    [Cl2] = 0.15 + z

    Substitute these expressions into the formula for Kc:

    24.3 = (0.60 - z) / ((0.10 + z) x (0.15 + z))

    Solve for z algebrically, and discard the negative solution:

    z = 0.0301617 = 0.03 M

    [PCl5] = 0.60 - 0.03 = 0.57 M

    [PCl3] = 0.10 + 0.03 = 0.13 M

    [Cl2] = 0.15 + 0.03 = 0.18 M

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