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JJ
Lv 5
JJ asked in Society & CultureRoyalty · 1 month ago

How did monarchs acquired nicknames ?

Some monarchs are identified by nicknames.  Were the nicknames used during the lifetime of the monarchs, or were the nicknames given by historians to monarchs after their deaths? 

Some monarchs and their nicknames:

Alexander III of Macedon is also known as Alexander the Great

Tsar Ivan IV of Russia is also known as Ivan the Terrible

Queen Joanna I of Castile and Aragon is also known as Mad Joan

King Louis XIV of France is also known as the Sun King

Tsar Peter I of Russia is also known as Peter the Great

King Frederick II of Prussia is also known as Frederick the Great 

Empress Catherine II of Russia is also known as Catherine the Great 

King Louis XV of France is also known as Louis the Beloved

Empress Carlota of Mexico is also known as Mad Carlota 

10 Answers

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  • Elaine
    Lv 7
    1 month ago
    Favorite Answer

    Some acquired the nickname during their lifetime.  As an example Edward I of England was called "Longshanks" because of his height and long legs. Edward I's son was known as the "Black Prince" because of the colour of his armour. Darius the Great of Persia was referred to by his court and subjects as "The Shopkeeper".  John of England was known as John Lackland because his brothers were dukes of all the available duchies which meant he had no title. 

  • Alan H
    Lv 7
    1 month ago

    A variety of reasons.   Some were a play on their names: eg Aethelred ( which means prepared) became The unready.   Some because of what they did: William, the conqueror, etc.

  • Durig his lifetime, Louis XIV of France was actually known as Louis Cat-Oars. This is because he used to travel in a boat powered by tigers. 

  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    It seems obvious why the future Queen Camilla is already known as Camilla the Hag. 

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  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    Prince Charles earned "stupid" for obvious reasons.

  • ?
    Lv 5
    1 month ago

    My favourite was Ethelred the unready. 

  • Clo
    Lv 7
    1 month ago

    Some names were given during the monarch's lifetime, noting something they did,their demeanor, even their age or physical appearance,(Edward the Elder was the eldest son of Alfred the Great).

    Some names were given after the death of the monarchy by historians.

  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    King Edward was known as Longshanks, in his lifetime, He was 6' 2". William the Conqueror, was called William the Bastard, because he was illegitimate.

  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    The manner in which epithets and nicknames were acquired varied.  Sometimes they were invented within a monarch's lifetime; sometimes they were attached later, usually by a historian of some sort or by the general popular verdict after a monarch's death.

  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    To take a random example: Louis XIV's nickname, The Sun King, came from his performance as Apollo, the Greek god of the sun, in the Ballet de la Nuit in 1653, so in his case it was coined within his lifetime. 

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